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Cheap ASP.NET 4.6 Hosting Recommendation

What’s New in SharePoint Framework (SPFx 1.10)?

Introduction

A very quick definition of SharePoint Framework: It is an application framework used to build and extend modern experiences in SharePoint.

The only option that’s been available in the initial SPFx release (in early 2017) webparts, and later 2017 extensions been released to customize more facets of the SharePoint experience, including notification areas, toolbars, and list data views.

SPFx features hosted scenarios in classic, modern, system pages, App pages & with Teams are either webparts / extensions or both as below.

This framework is evolving constantly. Microsoft announced major development areas in the SPFx framework, and the below features are quite impressive. We are going to discuss this in forthcoming articles and a more detailed discussion with the GA feature in the new SPFx 1.10 framework.

The interesting areas are:

  1. Web Parts
  2. Extensions
  3. Domain Isolated webparts
  4. App Pages
  5. Graph API support
  6. Support for Teams &
  7. Supporting 3rd party API’s with AAD security

The SPFx 1.10 release has the below General Availability features:

  • Pre-allocated application customizer placeholders
  • SharePoint Framework for Teams – Personal tab support
  • SharePoint Framework for Teams – Added support for Teams mobile app
  • List notification API

And Developer Preview Features has:

  • Query modification extension
  • SPFx support for Office Add-ins
Anjali Punjab

Cheap DotNetNuke 9.6 Hosting Recommendation

Cheap DotNetNuke 9.6 Hosting Recommendation

DotNetNuke (DNN), as well known in the web industry and familiar among .NET developers, is a Web Content Management System (WCMS) based on Microsoft .NET platform. It is an excellent open source software that you can use to manage your website without having much technical knowledge.

As we know DotNetNuke is a web content management system based on Microsoft .NET. The Community Edition is open source. DotNetNuke was written in VB.NET, though the developer has shifted to C# since version 6.0. It is distributed under both a Community Edition MIT license and commercial proprietary licenses as the Professional and Enterprise Editions.

What is New in DotNetNuke 9.6?

Release Notes

We’d like to first thank everyone from the community who has submitted pull requests or reported issues. A grand total of 49 pull requests by 19 contributors were processed for this release.

Noteworthy Changes in v9.6.0

Potential Breaking Changes

  • #3673 #3674 #3683 Adjusted Telerik Bindings, if you still have modules that rely on Telerik, please test them during this RC and we recommend to no longer use the platform bundled Telerik features since they are deprecated.
  • #3685 Updated version of included jQuery library to 3.5.0 (and jQuery Migrate to 3.2.0). See jQuery’s Upgrade Guide if you find broken behavior.

Bug Fixes

  • #3515 Fixed an issue where site settings information would sometimes be wrong.
  • #3549 Fixed an issue where disabled pages would show in search results.
  • #3550 Fixed an issue where the display name was validated even without any means to enter it.
  • #3568 Fixed an issue where hierarchical terms would not import properly.
  • #3585 Fixed an issue where HTML was double decoded in custom portal templates.
  • #3588 Fixed an issue where the client ip would be wrong under load balanced environments.
  • #3606 #3648 Fixed an issue where databaseOwner and objectQualifier were missing in the database scripts.
  • #3610 Fixed an issue where data consent was not working when wrapped in an UpdatePanel.
  • #3631 #3632 Fixed an issue where jquery.fileupload was not working (regression).
  • #3635 Fixed an issue where MVC modules would fail when present multiple times on the same page.
  • #3640 Fixed an issue where loading the persona bar was not thread safe.
  • #3651 Fixed an issue where the page picker dropdown within Personabar could display misaligned.
  • #3656 Fixed an issue where some modules would have inconsistent AllowIndexing settings.
  • #3659 Fixed an issue where super-users could not login to portals that required email as username.
  • #3663 Fixed an issue where terms consent would not use the parent portal information.
  • #3665 Fixed an issue where users with “onfocus” in their email would not be able to register.
  • #3668 Fixed an issue where the portal aliases would not refresh when switching sites.

New features

  • #3616 Added a simple web farm caching provider for cloud support.
  • #3633 Revamped the file extension whitelist with support for administrators and end users list.
  • #3561 Added AllowUserUICulcture and EnableBrowserLanguage to portal templates.
  • #3665 Added UI to manage site groups.
  • #3675 Brought back Export Portal Template feature.

Enhancements

  • #3474 Improved performance of core messaging.
  • #3555 Increased the page size for site management.
  • #3569 Enhanced the display of page list for long page titles.
  • #3582 Updated the css of .dnnActions to be the same no matter where it is used.
  • #3594 Changed default email address domain from change.me to changeme.invalid.
  • #3669 Improved logging for portal groups related events.
  • #3698 Provide better error messages if a module export fails.
  • #3700 Changed default file name extension to .export for module exports.
  • #3544 Registers MVC/WebApi Controllers using TryAddScoped.

Developer Experience / Documentation

  • #3548, #3601 Addes a PR github action to minimize images on build.
  • #3596 Added debug build to lerna.
  • #3615 Fixed an issue where the backup and restore build step would leave developers on commit behind under some situations.
  • #3572 Updated .gitignore to include the files in the src folders.
  • #3642 Fixed an issue where the ResetDevSite Cake task would fail.

Are you looking for Cheap DotNetNuke 9.6 Hosting? Finding a high quality Cheap DotNetNuke 9.6 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your DotNetNuke 9.6 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Cheap DotNetNuke 9.6 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap DotNetNuke 9.6 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable DotNetNuke 9.6 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

Cheap DotNetNuke 9.6 Hosting Recommendation

 

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$1.00/month $2.00/month £3.00/month
Host 1 Site Host 1 Site Host 5 Sites
1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space
10 GB Bandwidth 10 GB Bandwidth 20 GB Bandwidth
Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool
Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains
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Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET
Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel
Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012
SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014
Latest MySql version Latest MySql version Latest MySql version

How to Choose Cheap DotNetNuke 9.6 Hosting Recommendation

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like [email protected], etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab
Cheap Orchard 1.10 Hosting Recommendation

Best Joomla 3.9.20 Hosting Recommendation

Joomla is one of the most popular free content management systems (CMS) in the world that allows you to easily create and manage a dynamic website. It has an intuitive management interface to control all the features and functionality this powerful CMS possesses. Furthermore, there are hundreds of free extensions written for Joomla that allows users to extend its functionality and customize it to their own objectives. Joomla Content Management System is supported by a large and friendly community where newbies could really rely on assistance from more experienced members.

The Joomla Web CMS is considered to be a popular choice for many types of websites, including corporate sites, news or blogs, government applications, small business sites and sites where secure logins are required. The ecosystem of Joomla developers and users provide products and services to the Joomla community which has more than one-half million members and more than 20,000 developers.

Joomla! 3.9.20 is now available. The Joomla! Project and the Production Leadership Team are proud to announce the release of Joomla! 3.9.20 as the latest in the 3.x series. Introducing 34 new features, including support for the recently released PHP 7 scripting language, which significantly increases web site speed.

Joomla 3.9.20

Joomla 3.9.20 is now available. This is a security release for the 3.x series of Joomla which addresses 6 security vulnerabilities and contains over 25 bug fixes and improvements.

What’s in 3.9.20?

Joomla 3.9.20 includes 6 security vulnerability fixes and addresses several bugs, including:

Security Issues Fixed

  • Low Priority – Core – CSRF in com_installer ajax_install endpoint (affecting Joomla! 3.7.0 through 3.9.19)
  • Moderate Priority – Core – Missing checks can lead to a broken usergroups table record (affecting Joomla! 2.5.0 through 3.9.19)
  • Low Priority – Core – CSRF in com_privacy remove-request feature (affecting Joomla! 3.9.0 through 3.9.19)
  • Low Priority – Core – Variable tampering via user table class (affecting Joomla! 3.0.0 through 3.9.19)
  • Low Priority – Core – Escape mod_random_image link (affecting Joomla! 3.0.0 through 3.9.19)
  • Low Priority – Core – System Information screen could expose redis or proxy credentials (affecting Joomla! 3.0.0 through 3.9.19)

Bug fixes and Improvements

  • Upload & Update tab of Joomla Update Component: Fix to allow upload of ZIP filetype only #29877
  • Local database server: Allow optional port numbers #29567
  • Beez3 Template: Markup fix for the Tabs layout of com_contact #29636
  • Beez3 Template: Allow custom field editing on frontend #29577
  • Backend cache cleared when purging updates #29603

Are you looking for Best Joomla 3.9.20 Hosting? Finding a high quality Best Joomla 3.9.20 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your Joomla 3.9.20 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Best Joomla 3.9.20 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap Joomla 3.9.20 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable Joomla 3.9.20 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

Best Joomla 3.9.20 Hosting Recommendation

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ASPHostPortal HostForLIFE.eu UKWindowsHostASP.NET
$1.00/month €3.00/month £3.00/month
Host 1 Site Host Unlimited Site Host 5 Sites
1 GB Disk Space Unlimited Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space
10 GB Bandwidth Unlimited Bandwidth 20 GB Bandwidth
Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool
Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains
30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back
Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET
Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel
Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012
SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014
Latest MySql version Latest MySql version Latest MySql version

How to Choose Cheap Joomla 3.9.20 Hosting Recommendation

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like [email protected], etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab
SEO Tips - SEO Friendly URL Structure in WordPress

Bootstrap in ASP.NET MVC Tutorial

Introduction

  • MVC is a framework for building web applications with the MVC design.

Now what is MVC?

  • MVC is a model-view-control design that seprates buisness logics ,UI design and user interaction.
    mvc
  • Model deals with the business layer that is classes and the properties.
  • View is the part that deals with the display of data on the screen.
  • Controller interacts with the view and gets the user inputs from view.
  • Controller sends input to the model and in return, model sends output to the controller after performing actions.
  • Controller then displays the output on screen.
  • In traditional webform pattern code and design file is same and if we place the control on the design page that reflects in the code file also.
  • In Mvc design this file system is replaced.Here we put all the logic in one file called controller.From one controller we can call different UI.
  • In controller there is ActionResult that returns action against the ActionResult.
  • There is a view created against the ActionResult with the same name as the action result.
  • If we created the view against an ActionResult then in the Views folder a folder is created with the same name as of controller containing the views of that controller only.
Start by creating the project
  • Open the VS create new project,find ASP.NET MVC 4 Web Application.
    Open
  • After that a window appears select Internet Application and click OK.
    Internet Application
  • Mvc project will be created.
  • SolutionExplorer shows many folders.
    folders
  • Here in the solution explorer every folder has unique meaning.
  • Properties folder contains the version information and some other information about the project.
  • References store the refrence dlls required in the project.
  • App_Start contains the configuration files.
  • Content folder contain the css files.
  • Controllers folder contain the controllers for code.
  • Models folder contain the classes for buisness logics.
  • Scripts contain the javascript files.
  • Views folder contains views for the controllers.

Download CSS and JS files for bootstrap.

  • Go to the References folder right click on the folder >Find>Manage NuGet Packages>Click on the option.
  • Install bootstrap package.
    boostrap
  • Bootstrap is installed automatically and css files are saved in content folder and js files are saved in script folder.

Now register css and scripts for entire project.

  • Go to the App_Start folder > Open BundleConfig.cs,
  • Delete the code in the RegisterBundles method and replace with the given code.
public class BundleConfig    
   {    
       public static void RegisterBundles(BundleCollection bundles)    
       {    
           StyleBundle(bundles);    
           ScriptBundle(bundles);    
       }   

       public static void StyleBundle(BundleCollection bundles)    
       {    
           bundles.Add(new StyleBundle("~/css")    
                    .Include("~/Content/bootstrap.css"));    
       }    

       public static void ScriptBundle(BundleCollection bundles)    
       {    
           bundles.Add(new ScriptBundle("~/js")    
                    .Include("~/Scripts/jquery-{version}.js")    
                    .Include("~/Scripts/bootstrap.js"));    
       }    
   }
  • StyleBundle method register the css files.
  • ScriptBundle method register the js files.
  • Check the path of the files.
  • ~/css and ~/js are the root path for css and js files.
  • Call the both methods in the RegisterBundle method.
  • Check the path of the files carefully.
Now create the layout page for the entire project.
  • Go to the views folder find shared folder inside views folder.
  • Open _Layout.cshtml present in shared folder.
  • Write below given code,
<!DOCTYPE html>    
<html lang="en">    
<head>    
    <meta charset="utf-8" />    
    <title>@ViewBag.Title - My ASP.NET MVC Application</title>    
    <link href="~/favicon.ico" rel="shortcut icon" type="image/x-icon" />    
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width" />    
    @Styles.Render("~/css")    
</head>    
<body>    

    <nav class="navbar navbar-inverse">    
        <div class="container-fluid">    
            <!-- Brand and toggle get grouped for better mobile display -->    
            <div class="navbar-header">    
                <button type="button" class="navbar-toggle collapsed" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#bs-example-navbar-collapse-1" aria-expanded="false">    
                    <span class="sr-only">Toggle navigation</span>    
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>    
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>    
                    <span class="icon-bar"></span>    
                </button>    
                <a class="navbar-brand">Mvc App</a>    
            </div>    
    
            <!-- Collect the nav links, forms, and other content for toggling -->    
            <div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="bs-example-navbar-collapse-1">    
                <ul class="nav navbar-nav">    
                    <li class="active"><a href="#">1st LINK</a></li>    
                    <li><a href="#">2nd Link</a></li>    
                    <li class="dropdown">    
                        <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" role="button" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false">Link Dropdown<span class="caret"></span></a>    
                        <ul class="dropdown-menu">    
                            <li><a href="#">SubLink1</a></li>    
                            <li><a href="#">SubLink2</a></li>    
                            <li><a href="#">SubLink3</a></li>    
                            <li role="separator" class="divider"></li>    
                            <li><a href="#">SubLink4</a></li>    
                            <li role="separator" class="divider"></li>    
                            <li><a href="#">SubLink5</a></li>    
                        </ul>    
                    </li>    
                </ul>                  
                <ul class="nav navbar-nav navbar-right">    
                    <li><a href="#">Right side links</a></li>    
                    <li class="dropdown">    
                        <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" role="button" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false">Link Dropdown<span class="caret"></span></a>    
                        <ul class="dropdown-menu">    
                            <li><a href="#">1st Link</a></li>    
                            <li><a href="#">2nd Link</a></li>    
                            <li><a href="#">3rd Link</a></li>    
                            <li role="separator" class="divider"></li>    
                            <li><a href="#">4th Link</a></li>    
                        </ul>    
                    </li>    
                </ul>    
            </div>    
            <!-- /.navbar-collapse -->    
        </div>    
        <!-- /.container-fluid -->    
    </nav>    
    <div class="container">    
        @RenderBody()    
    </div>    
    
    @Scripts.Render("~/js")    
    @RenderSection("scripts", required: false)    
</body>    
</html>
  • In the code given above we define the layout for entire project.
  • @Styles.Render(“~/css”) this is used to render the css files that included in the bundleConfig.cs file.
  • In the body tag nav bar is placed that is used to place the links for the page redirection.
  • This layout of bootstrap is fully responsive.
  • @RenderBody() is used to render the content on the page.
  • @Scripts.Render(“~/js”) include all the js files that included in the BundleConfig.cs file.
  • Now HomeController is created automatically inside the controllers folder.
  • View against the ActionResult is also created automatically.
  • Now inside the views folder find folder named Home ,find Index.cshtml view inside the Home folder.
  • Replace the code with the below given code.
@{    
    ViewBag.Title = "Home Page";    
}    
<h1>Your 1st MVC app created.</h1><br />    
<h1><a href="">Click here next part is pretty intresting.</a></h1>
  • Now run the application.Result will look like this.
    result
Start with your own project.

Anjali Punjab
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Cheap Git 2.28.0 Hosting Recommendation

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Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency. Git is easy to learn and has a tiny footprint with lightning fast performance. It outclasses SCM tools like Subversion, CVS, Perforce, and ClearCase with features like cheap local branching, convenient staging areas, and multiple workflows.

What’s New on Git 2.28.0?

Git 2.28 Release Notes
======================

Updates since v2.27
-------------------

Backward compatibility notes

 * "fetch.writeCommitGraph" is deemed to be still a bit too risky and
   is no longer part of the "feature.experimental" set.


UI, Workflows & Features

 * The commands in the "diff" family learned to honor "diff.relative"
   configuration variable.

 * The check in "git fsck" to ensure that the tree objects are sorted
   still had corner cases it missed unsorted entries.

 * The interface to redact sensitive information in the trace output
   has been simplified.

 * The command line completion (in contrib/) learned to complete
   options that the "git switch" command takes.

 * "git diff" used to take arguments in random and nonsense range
   notation, e.g. "git diff A..B C", "git diff A..B C...D", etc.,
   which has been cleaned up.

 * "git diff-files" has been taught to say paths that are marked as
   intent-to-add are new files, not modified from an empty blob.

 * "git status" learned to report the status of sparse checkout.

 * "git difftool" has trouble dealing with paths added to the index
   with the intent-to-add bit.

 * "git fast-export --anonymize" learned to take customized mapping to
   allow its users to tweak its output more usable for debugging.

 * The command line completion support (in contrib/) used to be
   prepared to work with "set -u" but recent changes got a bit more
   sloppy.  This has been corrected.

 * "git gui" now allows opening work trees from the start-up dialog.


Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.

 * Code optimization for a common case.
   (merge 8777616e4d an/merge-single-strategy-optim later to maint).

 * We've adopted a convention that any on-stack structure can be
   initialized to have zero values in all fields with "= { 0 }",
   even when the first field happens to be a pointer, but sparse
   complained that a null pointer should be spelled NULL for a long
   time.  Start using -Wno-universal-initializer option to squelch
   it (the latest sparse has it on by default).

 * "git log -L..." now takes advantage of the "which paths are touched
   by this commit?" info stored in the commit-graph system.

 * As FreeBSD is not the only platform whose regexp library reports
   a REG_ILLSEQ error when fed invalid UTF-8, add logic to detect that
   automatically and skip the affected tests.

 * "git bugreport" learns to report what shell is in use.

 * Support for GIT_CURL_VERBOSE has been rewritten in terms of
   GIT_TRACE_CURL.

 * Preliminary clean-ups around refs API, plus file format
   specification documentation for the reftable backend.

 * Workaround breakage in MSVC build, where "curl-config --cflags"
   gives settings appropriate for GCC build.

 * Code clean-up of "git clean" resulted in a fix of recent
   performance regression.

 * Code clean-up in the codepath that serves "git fetch" continues.

 * "git merge-base --is-ancestor" is taught to take advantage of the
   commit graph.

 * Rewrite of parts of the scripted "git submodule" Porcelain command
   continues; this time it is "git submodule set-branch" subcommand's
   turn.

 * The "fetch/clone" protocol has been updated to allow the server to
   instruct the clients to grab pre-packaged packfile(s) in addition
   to the packed object data coming over the wire.

 * A misdesigned strbuf_write_fd() function has been retired.

 * SHA-256 migration work continues, including CVS/SVN interface.

 * A few fields in "struct commit" that do not have to always be
   present have been moved to commit slabs.

 * API cleanup for get_worktrees()

 * By renumbering object flag bits, "struct object" managed to lose
   bloated inter-field padding.

 * The name of the primary branch in existing repositories, and the
   default name used for the first branch in newly created
   repositories, is made configurable, so that we can eventually wean
   ourselves off of the hardcoded 'master'.

 * The effort to avoid using test_must_fail on non-git command continues.

 * In 2.28-rc0, we corrected a bug that some repository extensions are
   honored by mistake even in a version 0 repositories (these
   configuration variables in extensions.* namespace were supposed to
   have special meaning in repositories whose version numbers are 1 or
   higher), but this was a bit too big a change.  The behaviour in
   recent versions of Git where certain extensions.* were honored by
   mistake even in version 0 repositories has been restored.


Fixes since v2.27
-----------------

 * The "--prepare-p4-only" option of "git p4" is supposed to stop
   after replaying one changeset, but kept going (by mistake?)

 * The error message from "git checkout -b foo -t bar baz" was
   confusing.

 * Some repositories in the wild have commits that record nonsense
   committer timezone (e.g. rails.git); "git fast-import" learned an
   option to pass these nonsense timestamps intact to allow recreating
   existing repositories as-is.
   (merge d42a2fb72f en/fast-import-looser-date later to maint).

 * The command line completion script (in contrib/) tried to complete
   "git stash -p" as if it were "git stash push -p", but it was too
   aggressive and also affected "git stash show -p", which has been
   corrected.
   (merge fffd0cf520 vs/complete-stash-show-p-fix later to maint).

 * On-the-wire protocol v2 easily falls into a deadlock between the
   remote-curl helper and the fetch-pack process when the server side
   prematurely throws an error and disconnects.  The communication has
   been updated to make it more robust.

 * "git checkout -p" did not handle a newly added path at all.
   (merge 2c8bd8471a js/checkout-p-new-file later to maint).

 * The code to parse "git bisect start" command line was lax in
   validating the arguments.
   (merge 4d9005ff5d cb/bisect-helper-parser-fix later to maint).

 * Reduce memory usage during "diff --quiet" in a worktree with too
   many stat-unmatched paths.
   (merge d2d7fbe129 jk/diff-memuse-optim-with-stat-unmatch later to maint).

 * The reflog entries for "git clone" and "git fetch" did not
   anonymize the URL they operated on.
   (merge 46da295a77 js/reflog-anonymize-for-clone-and-fetch later to maint).

 * The behaviour of "sparse-checkout" in the state "git clone
   --no-checkout" left was changed accidentally in 2.27, which has
   been corrected.

 * Use of negative pathspec, while collecting paths including
   untracked ones in the working tree, was broken.

 * The same worktree directory must be registered only once, but
   "git worktree move" allowed this invariant to be violated, which
   has been corrected.
   (merge 810382ed37 es/worktree-duplicate-paths later to maint).

 * The effect of sparse checkout settings on submodules is documented.
   (merge e7d7c73249 en/sparse-with-submodule-doc later to maint).

 * Code clean-up around "git branch" with a minor bugfix.
   (merge dc44639904 dl/branch-cleanup later to maint).

 * A branch name used in a test has been clarified to match what is
   going on.
   (merge 08dc26061f pb/t4014-unslave later to maint).

 * An in-code comment in "git diff" has been updated.
   (merge c592fd4c83 dl/diff-usage-comment-update later to maint).

 * The documentation and some tests have been adjusted for the recent
   renaming of "pu" branch to "seen".
   (merge 6dca5dbf93 js/pu-to-seen later to maint).

 * The code to push changes over "dumb" HTTP had a bad interaction
   with the commit reachability code due to incorrect allocation of
   object flag bits, which has been corrected.
   (merge 64472d15e9 bc/http-push-flagsfix later to maint).

 * "git send-email --in-reply-to=<msg>" did not use the In-Reply-To:
   header with the value given from the command line, and let it be
   overridden by the value on In-Reply-To: header in the messages
   being sent out (if exists).
   (merge f9f60d7066 ra/send-email-in-reply-to-from-command-line-wins later to maint).

 * "git log -Lx,y:path --before=date" lost track of where the range
   should be because it didn't take the changes made by the youngest
   commits that are omitted from the output into account.

 * When "fetch.writeCommitGraph" configuration is set in a shallow
   repository and a fetch moves the shallow boundary, we wrote out
   broken commit-graph files that do not match the reality, which has
   been corrected.

 * "git checkout" failed to catch an error from fstat() after updating
   a path in the working tree.
   (merge 35e6e212fd mt/entry-fstat-fallback-fix later to maint).

 * When an aliased command, whose output is piped to a pager by git,
   gets killed by a signal, the pager got into a funny state, which
   has been corrected (again).
   (merge c0d73a59c9 ta/wait-on-aliased-commands-upon-signal later to maint).

 * The code to produce progress output from "git commit-graph --write"
   had a few breakages, which have been fixed.

 * Other code cleanup, docfix, build fix, etc.
   (merge 2c31a7aa44 jx/pkt-line-doc-count-fix later to maint).
   (merge d63ae31962 cb/t5608-cleanup later to maint).
   (merge 788db145c7 dl/t-readme-spell-git-correctly later to maint).
   (merge 45a87a83bb dl/python-2.7-is-the-floor-version later to maint).
   (merge b75a219904 es/advertise-contribution-doc later to maint).
   (merge 0c9a4f638a rs/pull-leakfix later to maint).
   (merge d546fe2874 rs/commit-reach-leakfix later to maint).
   (merge 087bf5409c mk/pb-pretty-email-without-domain-part-fix later to maint).
   (merge 5f4ee57ad9 es/worktree-code-cleanup later to maint).
   (merge 0172f7834a cc/cat-file-usage-update later to maint).
   (merge 81de0c01cf ma/rebase-doc-typofix later to maint).

Branching and Merging

The Git feature that really makes it stand apart from nearly every other SCM out there is its branching model.

Git allows and encourages you to have multiple local branches that can be entirely independent of each other. The creation, merging, and deletion of those lines of development takes seconds.

This means that you can do things like:

  • Frictionless Context Switching. Create a branch to try out an idea, commit a few times, switch back to where you branched from, apply a patch, switch back to where you are experimenting, and merge it in.
  • Role-Based Codelines. Have a branch that always contains only what goes to production, another that you merge work into for testing, and several smaller ones for day to day work.
  • Feature Based Workflow. Create new branches for each new feature you’re working on so you can seamlessly switch back and forth between them, then delete each branch when that feature gets merged into your main line.
  • Disposable Experimentation. Create a branch to experiment in, realize it’s not going to work, and just delete it – abandoning the work—with nobody else ever seeing it (even if you’ve pushed other branches in the meantime).

Small and Fast

Git is fast. With Git, nearly all operations are performed locally, giving it a huge speed advantage on centralized systems that constantly have to communicate with a server somewhere.

Git was built to work on the Linux kernel, meaning that it has had to effectively handle large repositories from day one. Git is written in C, reducing the overhead of runtimes associated with higher-level languages. Speed and performance has been a primary design goal of the Git from the start.

Benchmarks

Let’s see how common operations stack up against Subversion, a common centralized version control system that is similar to CVS or Perforce. Smaller is faster.

Distributed

One of the nicest features of any Distributed SCM, Git included, is that it’s distributed. This means that instead of doing a “checkout” of the current tip of the source code, you do a “clone” of the entire repository.

Multiple Backups

This means that even if you’re using a centralized workflow, every user essentially has a full backup of the main server. Each of these copies could be pushed up to replace the main server in the event of a crash or corruption. In effect, there is no single point of failure with Git unless there is only a single copy of the repository.

Any Workflow

Because of Git’s distributed nature and superb branching system, an almost endless number of workflows can be implemented with relative ease.

Subversion-Style Workflow

A centralized workflow is very common, especially from people transitioning from a centralized system. Git will not allow you to push if someone has pushed since the last time you fetched, so a centralized model where all developers push to the same server works just fine.

Data Assurance

The data model that Git uses ensures the cryptographic integrity of every bit of your project. Every file and commit is checksummed and retrieved by its checksum when checked back out. It’s impossible to get anything out of Git other than the exact bits you put in.

Staging Area

Unlike the other systems, Git has something called the “staging area” or “index”. This is an intermediate area where commits can be formatted and reviewed before completing the commit.

One thing that sets Git apart from other tools is that it’s possible to quickly stage some of your files and commit them without committing all of the other modified files in your working directory or having to list them on the command line during the commit.

Free and Open Source

Git is released under the GNU General Public License version 2.0, which is an open source license. The Git project chose to use GPLv2 to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software—to make sure the software is free for all its users.

Are you looking for Cheap Git 2.28.0 Hosting? Finding a high quality Cheap Git 2.28.0 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your Git 2.28.0 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Cheap Git 2.28.0 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap Git 2.28.0 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable Git 2.28.0 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

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How to Choose Cheap Git 2.28.0 Hosting Recommendation?

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like [email protected], etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab
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Drupal is a free community supported framework for creating, organizing, presenting and managing a website. It powers millions of websites and applications from all over the world. Drupal makes it easy for contributors to publish to websites and easy for developers to deploy new sites as well as add features to existing ones. Most commonly referred to as a content management system, or CMS, Drupal has much more to offer. Drupal installations include a set of modules called Core Components, which provide features such as user management, menu systems, and user contributed content.

The Drupal open source community (one of the largest in the world) contributes and supports thousands of free flexible and robust modules and themes, which can be easily integrated into websites to offer powerful features such as multimedia, calendars, rating systems, and other social media tools. Drupal is also an application framework that can be used to build other aps. Drupal requires no programming skills yet the HTML code produced is accessible, cross browser compatible, and search engine friendly. Drupal is used for every type of site from personal blogs to highly trafficked enterprise level sites. 2% of all websites worldwide are built in Drupal including whitehouse.gov and many other high profile, highly visited sites.

What is Drupal Used for?

Drupal is a great choice for building all manner of websites from simple 1 page personal websites to enterprise level applications. It is particularly well suited to e-Learning systems, Community/social networking sites, and news publishing, where its powerful authoring and publishing features allow administrators to create, revise, and deploy content in a rapid and organized manner. User management, site reporting and statistics, ad management, community management, and other administrative functions utilize an intuitive and robust back-end user interface.

Are you looking for Cheap Drupal 9.0.2 Hosting? Finding a high quality Cheap Drupal 9.0.2 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your Drupal 9.0.2 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Cheap Drupal 9.0.2 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap Drupal 9.0.2 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable Drupal 9.0.2 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

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How to Choose Cheap Drupal 9.0.2 Hosting Provider Recommendation?

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like [email protected], etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab

How To Create Database Table in Magento

Module File Structure

We updated our module file structure looks as follows:

magetop helloworld file struture

Create file module.xml and registration.php

The job of creating these 2 files I have detailed instructions and explanations in the previous article. You can read it here.

Create file InstallSchema.php

You create this file according to the path: Magetop/Helloworld/Setup/InstallSchema.php.

We will create a table name magetop_blog with fields: id, title, description, created_at, status.

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<?php
namespace Magetop\Helloworld\Setup;
use Magento\Framework\DB\Ddl\Table;
use Magento\Framework\Setup\InstallSchemaInterface;
use Magento\Framework\Setup\SchemaSetupInterface;
use Magento\Framework\Setup\ModuleContextInterface;
class InstallSchema implements InstallSchemaInterface
{
    public function install(SchemaSetupInterface $setup, ModuleContextInterface $context)
    {
        $installer = $setup;
        $installer->startSetup();
        $tableName = $installer->getTable('magetop_blog');
        //Check for the existence of the table
        if ($installer->getConnection()->isTableExists($tableName) != true) {
            $table = $installer->getConnection()
                ->newTable($tableName)
                ->addColumn(
                    'id',
                    Table::TYPE_INTEGER,
                    null,
                    [
                        'identity' => true,
                        'unsigned' => true,
                        'nullable' => false,
                        'primary' => true
                    ],
                    'ID'
                )
                ->addColumn(
                    'title',
                    Table::TYPE_TEXT,
                    null,
                    ['nullable' => false, 'default' => ''],
                    'Title'
                )
                ->addColumn(
                    'description',
                    Table::TYPE_TEXT,
                    null,
                    ['nullable' => false, 'default' => ''],
                    'Description'
                )
                ->addColumn(
                    'created_at',
                    Table::TYPE_DATETIME,
                    null,
                    ['nullable' => false],
                    'Created At'
                )
                ->addColumn(
                    'status',
                    Table::TYPE_SMALLINT,
                    null,
                    ['nullable' => false, 'default' => '0'],
                    'Status'
                )
                //Set comment for magetop_blog table
                ->setComment('Magetop Blog Table')
                //Set option for magetop_blog table
                ->setOption('type', 'InnoDB')
                ->setOption('charset', 'utf8');
            $installer->getConnection()->createTable($table);
        }
        $installer->endSetup();
    }
}

Create file InstallData.php

Next, we will insert data for the magetop_blog table.

You create this file according to the path:Magetop/Helloworld/Setup/InstallData.php.

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<?php
namespace Magetop\Helloworld\Setup;
use Magento\Framework\Setup\InstallDataInterface;
use Magento\Framework\Setup\ModuleContextInterface;
use Magento\Framework\Setup\ModuleDataSetupInterface;
class InstallData implements InstallDataInterface
{
    public function install(ModuleDataSetupInterface $setup, ModuleContextInterface $context)
    {
        $setup->startSetup();
        $tableName = $setup->getTable('magetop_blog');
        //Check for the existence of the table
        if ($setup->getConnection()->isTableExists($tableName) == true) {
            $data = [
                [
                    'title' => 'How to Speed Up Magento 2 Website',
                    'description' => 'Speeding up your Magento 2 website is very important, it affects user experience. Customers will feel satisfied when your site responds quickly',
                    'created_at' => date('Y-m-d H:i:s'),
                    'status' => 1,
                ],
                [
                    'title' => 'Optimize SEO for Magento Website',
                    'description' => 'One of the important reasons why many people choose Magento 2 for their website is the ability to create SEO friendly',
                    'created_at' => date('Y-m-d H:i:s'),
                    'status' => 1,
                ],
                [
                    'title' => 'Top 10 eCommerce Websites',
                    'description' => 'These are the websites of famous e-commerce corporations in the world. With very large revenue contributing to the world economy',
                    'created_at' => date('Y-m-d H:i:s'),
                    'status' => 0,
                ],
            ];
            foreach ($data as $item) {
                //Insert data
                $setup->getConnection()->insert($tableName, $item);
            }
        }
        $setup->endSetup();
    }
}

Increase the version in module.xml

If you have just created this module and you have not declared it on the database yet, you do not need to increase the version in module.xml

If you have already declared this module on the database, please increase the version in module.xml

increase version

Run the command

You need to run 2 commands:

php bin/magento setup:upgrade
run setup upgrade
php bin/magento setup:db-schema:upgrade
run setup schema upgrade

Check in the database

Please check on the database and You will see your accomplishment.

check in database 1
check in database

Upgrade table in the database

Next, I will guide you to add fields to the created table and create a new table in UpgradeSchema.php.

You create this file according to the path: Magetop/Helloworld/Setup/InstallData.php.

In the following code, I will implement two field image, category_id and create a new table magetop_blog_categories.

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<?php
namespace Magetop\Helloworld\Setup;
use Magento\Framework\DB\Ddl\Table;
use Magento\Framework\Setup\UpgradeSchemaInterface;
use Magento\Framework\Setup\ModuleContextInterface;
use Magento\Framework\Setup\SchemaSetupInterface;
class UpgradeSchema implements UpgradeSchemaInterface
{
    public function upgrade(SchemaSetupInterface $setup, ModuleContextInterface $context)
    {
        $setup->startSetup();
        //Add new fields to the created table
        if (version_compare($context->getVersion(), '1.0.2') < 0) {
            $table = $setup->getTable('magetop_blog');
            //Check for the existence of the table
            if ($setup->getConnection()->isTableExists($table) == true) {
                // Declare data
                $columns = [
                    'image' => [
                        'type' => Table::TYPE_TEXT,
                        ['nullable' => true],
                        'comment' => 'Image',
                    ],
                    'category_id' => [
                        'type' => Table::TYPE_INTEGER,
                        ['nullable' => false, 'default' => 0],
                        'comment' => 'Category ID',
                    ],
                ];
                $connection = $setup->getConnection();
                foreach ($columns as $name => $definition) {
                    $connection->addColumn($table, $name, $definition);
                }
            }
        }
        //Create a new table
        if (version_compare($context->getVersion(), '1.0.2') < 0) {
            $categories = $setup->getTable('magetop_blog_categories');
            //Check for the existence of the table
            if ($setup->getConnection()->isTableExists($categories) != true) {
                $tableCategories = $setup->getConnection()
                    ->newTable($categories)
                    ->addColumn(
                        'cat_id',
                        Table::TYPE_INTEGER,
                        null,
                        ['identity' => true, 'unsigned' => true, 'nullable' => false, 'primary' => true],
                        'Category Id'
                    )
                    ->addColumn(
                        'status',
                        Table::TYPE_SMALLINT,
                        null,
                        ['nullable' => false, 'default' => 1],
                        'Status'
                    )
                    ->addColumn(
                        'cat_title',
                        Table::TYPE_TEXT,
                        null,
                        ['nullable' => false, 'default' => ''],
                        'Category Title'
                    )
                    ->addColumn(
                        'created_at',
                        Table::TYPE_TIMESTAMP,
                        null,
                        ['nullable' => false],
                        'Created At'
                    )
                    //Set comment for magetop_blog table
                    ->setComment('Magetop Blog Categories')
                    //Set option for magetop_blog table
                    ->setOption('type', 'InnoDB')
                    ->setOption('charset', 'utf8');
                $setup->getConnection()->createTable($tableCategories);
            }
        }
        $setup->endSetup();
    }
}

We will insert data for the magetop_blog_categories table.

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<?php
namespace Magetop\Helloworld\Setup;
use Magento\Framework\Setup\UpgradeDataInterface;
use Magento\Framework\Setup\ModuleContextInterface;
use Magento\Framework\Setup\ModuleDataSetupInterface;
class UpgradeData implements UpgradeDataInterface
{
    public function upgrade(ModuleDataSetupInterface $setup, ModuleContextInterface $context)
    {
        $setup->startSetup();
        if (version_compare($context->getVersion(), '1.0.2') < 0) {
            $tableName = $setup->getTable('magetop_blog_categories');
            //Check for the existence of the table
            if ($setup->getConnection()->isTableExists($tableName) == true) {
                $data = [
                    [
                        'cat_title' => 'News',
                        'status' => 1,
                        'created_at' => date('Y-m-d H:i:s'),
                    ],
                    [
                        'cat_title' => 'Tutorials',
                        'status' => 0,
                        'created_at' => date('Y-m-d H:i:s'),
                    ],
                    [
                        'cat_title' => 'Uncategorized',
                        'status' => 0,
                        'created_at' => date('Y-m-d H:i:s'),
                    ]
                ];
                foreach ($data as $item) {
                    //Insert data
                    $setup->getConnection()->insert($tableName, $item);
                }
            }
        }
        $setup->endSetup();
    }
}

Do not forget to increase the version in module.xml!.

Finally, run the two commands above and enjoy the result.

check magetop blog categories table
check new field in magetop blog table
check magetop blog categories in database

I hope through this series you can create your own complete module. Good luck!

Anjali Punjab
Cheap and Reliable WordPress 4.4.2 Hosting

Cheap Node.js v14.7.0 Hosting – Dedicated Cloud Server

Cheap Node.js v14.7.0 Hosting – Dedicated Cloud Server

Cheap and Reliable WordPress 4.4.2 Hosting

Node.js is a runtime system for creating (mostly) server-side applications. It’s best known as a popular means for JavaScript coders to build real-time Web APIs.

But Node.js is not a JavaScript framework; indeed, several authors have written excellent frameworks specifically for Node.js, including Express.js, Restify.js, and Hapi.js. So what exactly is this phenomenon finding its way into Web applications, operating systems wrappers, microcontrollers, and robots?

At it’s core, Node.js is a stripped-down, highly customizable server engine — a proto-server, if you will — because out of the box it doesn’t do anything until you set it up. This proto-server processes in a loop, ready to accept and respond to requests. Any of those requests themselves may initiate other requests to some other part of the system, such as to read a file off of disk or to send a signal to spin a motor on a robot arm. That loop, known as the event loop, is the “runtime” part.

Node.js ships with workhorse connectors and libraries such as those relating to HTTP, SSL, compression, filesystem access, and raw TCP and UDP. JavaScript, already tuned for a Web browser’s event loop environment for GUI and network events, is a great language for wiring up these connectors. You can snap connectors onto the event loop almost as easily as you can snap Lego parts together. Doing so lets you create a simple, dynamic Web server in just a few lines of JavaScript.

What’s New in Node.js v14.7.0?

Notable Changes

  • deps:
    • upgrade npm to 6.14.7 (claudiahdz) #34468
  • dgram:
    • (SEMVER-MINOR) add IPv6 scope id suffix to received udp6 dgrams (Pekka Nikander) #14500
  • src:
    • (SEMVER-MINOR) allow preventing SetPromiseRejectCallback (Shelley Vohr) #34387
    • (SEMVER-MINOR) allow setting a dir for all diagnostic output (AshCripps) #33584
  • worker:
    • (SEMVER-MINOR) make MessagePort inherit from EventTarget (Anna Henningsen) #34057
  • zlib:
    • switch to lazy init for zlib streams (Andrey Pechkurov) #34048
  • New Collaborators:
    • add rexagod to collaborators (Pranshu Srivastava) #34457
    • add AshCripps to collaborators (AshCripps) #34494
    • add HarshithaKP to collaborators (Harshitha K P) #34417
    • add release key for Richard Lau (Richard Lau) #34397

As of Node.js 14 there is no longer this warning when using ESM in Node.js. However, the ESM implementation in Node.js remains experimental. As per our stability index: “The feature is not subject to Semantic Versioning rules. Non-backward compatible changes or removal may occur in any future release.” Users should be cautious when using the feature in production environments.

Are you looking for Cheap Node.js v14.7.0 Hosting? Finding a high quality Cheap Node.js v14.7.0 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your Node.js v14.7.0 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Cheap Node.js v14.7.0 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap Node.js v14.7.0 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable Node.js v14.7.0 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

If you know JavaScript, Node.js is a gentle on-ramp to asynchronous computing for the Web. And it just so happens that Node.js is suited to solve Web problems exactly of this type: integration and glue challenges, with cascading calls to API after API.

Where does Node.js not work so well? It’s not totally appropriate in places where a single-threaded calculation is going to be the holdup, like some kinds of successive approximation or classification. In those instances, it’s more efficient for Node.js to drop the request to an independent library that’s dedicated to the task, where it can be distributed across hundreds or thousands of processors.

Node.js is maturing quickly and is being deployed in more and more mission-critical and revenue-critical systems, such as eCommerce Black Friday infrastructures. It’s easy to get started with Node.js, and yet Node.js is deep enough to handle modern Web complexities. If you’re building your next generation Web site — especially APIs for mobile and Web integration — or if you are creating something new that depends on underlying services itself, Node.js is a runtime system that could very well work for you.

Cheap Node.js® v14.7.0 Hosting – Dedicated Cloud Server

 

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How to Choose Cheap Node.js® v14.7.0 Hosting – Dedicated Cloud Server?

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like [email protected], etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab
Cheap Drupal 8.0.5 Hosting Recommendation

Cheap phpBB 3.3.1 Hosting Recommendation

Cheap phpBB 3.3.1 Hosting Recommendation

phpBB is a free flat-forum bulletin board software solution that can be used to stay in touch with a group of people or can power your entire website. With an extensive database of user-created modifications and styles database containing hundreds of style and image packages to customise your board, you can create a very unique forum in minutes.

No other bulletin board software offers a greater complement of features, while maintaining efficiency and ease of use. Best of all, phpBB is completely free. They welcome you to test it for yourself today. If you have any questions please visit their Community Forum where their staff and members of the community will be happy to assist you with anything from configuring the software to modifying the code for individual needs.

What’s New in phpBB 3.3.1?

Improvements

  • Enable/disable mechanism for new profilefield types – Added new enable & disable mechanism for profile field types
  • Only one email notification per topic – Reduced emails sent as notifications when not having visited topic

Notable Bug Fixes

  • Slow search on PostgreSQL – Full text search on PostgreSQL was very slow due to accidentally disabled index
  • Emoji isues – Issues with using emojis in multiple text fields
  • Delete marked PMs in UCP – Improper form token check resulted in users being unable to delete marked PMs
  • File lock issues – Failure while acquiring locks on some storage backends resulted in errors while installing phpBB
  • Reset password error – Resetting a password resulted in an PHP fatal error being thrown

Are You Looking for Cheap phpBB 3.3.1 Hosting?

Finding a high quality Cheap phpBB 3.3.1 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your phpBB 3.3.1 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Cheap phpBB 3.3.1 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap phpBB 3.3.1 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable phpBB 3.3.1 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

Cheap phpBB 3.3.1 Hosting Recommendation

logo-asphostportal1
discountservice-icon
logo-ukwindowshostaspnet
ASPHostPortal DiscountService.biz UKWindowsHostASP.NET
$1.00/month $2.00/month £3.00/month
Host 1 Site Host 1 Site Host 5 Sites
1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space
10 GB Bandwidth 10 GB Bandwidth 20 GB Bandwidth
Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool
Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains
30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back
Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET
Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel
Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012
SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014
Latest MySql version Latest MySql version Latest MySql version

How to Choose Cheap phpBB 3.3.1 Hosting Recommendation?

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like [email protected], etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab
Cheap phpBB 3.1.9 Hosting Recommendation

How to Fix the Error Establishing a Database Connection in WordPress

Are you seeing the ‘Error establishing a database connection’ notice on your WordPress website? It is a fatal error that makes your WordPress website inaccessible to the users.

This error occurs when WordPress is unable to make a connection to the database. A number of things can affect your WordPress database connection which makes it a bit difficult for beginners to troubleshoot.

In this article, we will show you how to easily fix the error establishing a database connection in WordPress.

What Causes Error Establishing a Database Connection in WordPress?

The ‘Error establishing a database connection’ issue can be caused by incorrect database information in your WordPress settings, corrupt database, or an irresponsive database server.

Database connection error in WordPress

A database is a software which makes it easy to store, organize, and retrieve data into other software.

As a content management system, WordPress uses a database to store all your content and other website data. It then connects to the database each time someone visits your website.

WordPress needs the following information for connecting to the database:

  • Database name
  • Database username
  • Database password
  • Database server

This information is stored in your WordPress configuration file called wp-config.php.

If any of these items are incorrect, WordPress would fail to connect to your database server, and you’ll see the ‘Error establishing a database connection’ error.

It is one of the most common WordPress errors. Apart from incorrect credentials, this error can also appear if the database server is down, or the database files are corrupt.

Let’s take a look at how to fix error establishing database connection issue in WordPress with step by step troubleshooting.

1. Check Your WordPress Database Credentials

The most common reason for database connection error in WordPress is incorrect database credentials. If you have recently moved your WordPress site to a new host, then this could be the most likely reason.

Your WordPress database credentials are stored in the wp-config.php file. It is the WordPress configuration file that contains important WordPress settings including database information.

You’ll be looking for the following lines in the wp-config.php file.

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// ** MySQL settings - You can get this info from your web host ** //
/** The name of the database for WordPress */
define( 'DB_NAME', 'database_name_here' );
/** MySQL database username */
define( 'DB_USER', 'username_here' );
/** MySQL database password */
define( 'DB_PASSWORD', 'password_here' );
/** MySQL hostname */
define( 'DB_HOST', 'localhost' );

You need to make sure that the information for the database name, username, password, and database host is correct.

You can confirm this information from your WordPress hosting account dashboard. Simply log in to your hosting account and click on MySQL databases under the database section.

This will take you to the database management page in your hosting dashboad. From here, you can find out your database name and the username.

Database name and username

Below that you will find the database users and links to change the user password.

Changing database user password

Once you have confirmed your database name, username, and password, you can change that information in your wp-config.php file if needed.

After that, try visiting your website again to see if the database connection error has gone.

If you can still see the error, then this means that something else is wrong. Continue reading for more troubleshooting steps.

2. Check Your Database Host Information

If you are confident that your database name, username, and password information is correct, then you may want to make sure that you are using the correct database host information.

Most WordPress hosting companies use localhost as your database host. However, some managed WordPress hosting companies use separate servers to host databases. In that case, your database host information will not be localhost.

You need to contact your WordPress hosting company to confirm your database host information.

3. Repair WordPress Database

If you are getting a different error on the wp-admin, for instance, something like “One or more database tables are unavailable. The database may need to be repaired”, then you need to repair your database.

You can do this by adding the following line in your wp-config.php file. Make sure to add it just before ‘That’s all, stop editing! Happy blogging’ line wp-config.php.

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define('WP_ALLOW_REPAIR', true);

Once you have done that, you can see the settings by visiting this page: http://www.yoursite.com/wp-admin/maint/repair.php

Repair WordPress database

Note: the user does not need to be logged in to access the database repair page. Once you are done repairing and optimizing your database, make sure to remove this code from your wp-config.php.

4. Check if Your Database Server is Down

If everything seems to be correct, and WordPress still cannot connect to the database, then your database server (MySQL server) may be down.

This could happen due to heavy traffic on a server. Basically, your host server just cannot handle the load (especially when you are on shared hosting).

Your site will get really slow and for some users it may even output the error. So the best thing you should do is get on the phone or live chat with your hosting provider and ask them if your MySQL server is responsive.

If you have other websites running on the same server, then you can check those sites to confirm that your SQL server is down.

If you do not have any other site on the same hosting account, then simply go to your hosting dashboard and try to access phpMyAdmin and connect the database.

If you can connect, then we need to verify if your database user has sufficient permission. Create a new file called testconnection.php and paste the following code in it:

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<?php
$link = mysqli_connect('localhost', 'username', 'password');
if (!$link) {
die('Could not connect: ' . mysqli_error());
}
echo 'Connected successfully';
mysqli_close($link);
?>

Make sure to replace the username and password. You can now upload this file to your website and access it via web browser.

If the script connected successfully, then it means that your user has sufficient permission, and there is something else that is wrong.

Go back to your wp-config file to make sure that everything there is correct (re-scan for typos).

Other Solutions That Have Worked for Users

If the above-mentioned troubleshooting tips failed to fix the database connection error on your website, then you may try these additional steps.

Reported by our users, these steps have helped some users resolve the database connection error on their websites.

1. Update WordPress Site URL

Try updating the WordPress site URL using phpMyAdmin. Simply access phpMyAdmin from your hosting account dashboard, and select your WordPress database.

Running SQL in phpMyAdmin

After that click on the SQL menu on the top and enter the following MySQL query.

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UPDATE wp_options SET option_value='YOUR_SITE_URL' WHERE option_name='siteurl'

Don’t forget to provide your own site URL and change wp_options to your own table name as you may have changed the WordPress table prefix.

2. Rebooting Web Server

Users on dedicated servers, local server, and virtual private servers (VPS) can try rebooting their servers.

This will restart your web and database server which may fix some temporary glitches causing the error.

3. Ask for help

If everything else fails, then you may need to contact your web hosting company. All good WordPress hosting companies will help you troubleshoot the problem, point you in the right direction, or even fix it for you.

We hope this article helped you fix the error establishing a database connection in WordPress.

Anjali Punjab
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