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Easy Way to Speed up Your Prestashop Website

Prestashop provides a number of options to speed up Prestashop website and to optimize its performance. This optimization process gives you the ability to increase the speed of loading and enhance the performance of your Prestashop installation. This article describes the caching and performance options available with the new interface of Prestashop.

Configuring the Smarty template engine

Prestashop uses a PHP template engine called Smarty. Below are the steps for the configuration of this template engine.

  • Navigate to performance page and to the Smarty section in the page.
  • Click the “Recompile templates if the files have been updated” from the Template Cache
  • Set Cache toggle to “Yes”.

The 3Cs (Combine, Compress, Cache)

Prestashop combine, compress and cache lets you increase your site’s performance without using any coding expertise. These 3 terms describe a process conducted to optimize a single file to speed up the site loading. The main concept behind this is making a file smaller to increase its performance. The CCC optimization options can be obtained by clicking Performance or in the Advanced Parameters menu.

The options provided are given below.

  • CSS Smart cache for css

CSS or Cascading Style Sheets are present to add styles and formatting to your web pages. But the large number of CSS files present can decrease the performance. This cache feature combines all files into a single CSS file to reduce the requests sent to the server for each visit of the website.

  • Smart cache for JavaScript

JavaScript Smart cache follows the same procedure as CSS smart cache and combines all the JavaScript files into one file to increase the loading speed of the website and improve Prestashop performance.

  • Minify HTML

This process involves the removal of unnecessary code from the     HTML. These unwanted portions of code include whitespace, commented code and other characters the removal of which will increase the loading speed for Prestashop optimization.

  • Compressing inline JavaScript in HTML

A process that is somewhat similar to the above. But the code that is optimized is the inline JavaScript found in the HTML code to speed up loading of the site.

  • Move JavaScript to the end

Move all JavaScript files to bottom of your website, this helps the site loads faster.

  • Apache Optimization

Involves the addition of htaccess code which helps to improve caching in the Apache server.

Media Servers

The usage of media servers gives you the ability for offloading static content to another server. It is called a CDN or a Content Delivery Network. It is required by Prestashop for these options to be used with the CCC options given in the description above. It also states that to use cookie-less content, entering to another domain/subdomain is essential. This is a precaution taken for the website security.

Given below are the steps to follow when using multiple servers

  1. Enter the domain/subdomain name of server in the field provided.
  2. Save the entry by clicking on save from the bottom right corner.

Caching options

Prestashop’s performance can be improved extensively by using different caching options. Caching can also be enabled or disabled according to your requirement. But these Prestashop cache options require the enabling of server extension. The least efficient caching option is the file system cache which uses the hard drive.

Cache options:

  • APC cache – Alternative PHP cache works with a single server and is not present for accounts that use shared server hosting. And can only be installed on servers for which you have complete access. If InMotion hosting is used, it can be installed on VPS or on dedicated server accounts of which you have root access.
  • Memecache – Works best with multiple server websites. But your server’s PHP configuration must enable Memecache for it to be selected. Like APC cache, Memecache can only be installed on servers for which you have complete access. If InMotion hosting is used, it can be installed on VPS or on dedicated server accounts of which you have root access.
  • Xcache – Lighttpd server is required for this and it can’t be used with the InMotion hosting servers. This is because of their usage of websites hosted by Apache server.

Clicking on the radio button found next to the cache type you prefer to use and then clicking on the button named Add Server will enable the selected cache. Each and every option for caching found in Prestashop is linked to a website which gives all the necessary details about each type.

Ciphering algorithms

Ciphering is associated with cookies. In fact it refers to the encrypting algorithm used in cookie generation. The selected encrypting algorithm can be changed by clicking on the radio button in front of your preferred algorithm and clicking on Save in the bottom right.

Out of the given algorithms it is best to select Rijndael with mcrypt lib if you are more concerned about the performance since it works faster than custom BlowFish class. But for this, your web server should be mcrypt enabled.

Image management

Images are an ideal feature of your website. Therefore websites usually contain a large number of images. Prestashop provides many methods for managing these images.

To set the image size for images displayed with products, navigate to Images in Preferences and add preferred size.

To set the image quality there is another option when you navigate to images in Preferences.

Both the size and the quality of the images highly affects the loading time of your website. When images are of higher quality and larger in size, the loading time will be slower. If you want to speed up Prestashop website, it is best advised to use medium quality images.

Image management has become advanced with the newer versions of Prestashop. Image organization is an option provided in Prestashop 1.6 allowing the use of responsive design. This option enables the users to view the website and products without a difference regardless of the screen size of the device.

Another useful feature provided is the Regenerate Thumbnails option in Images. Even if you add different sized images, these can be brought to the same size using this option. To access the regenerate thumbnail option, navigate to the Images section. But if your website uses a large number of products, Regenerate Thumbnails setting will be generating that number of images when clicked and it might slow down your Prestashop site. Therefore it is essential to make sure to not use it when your site is busy.

Optional features

These features are some optional features when disabled will speed up Prestashop website.

  1. Navigate to “Optional Features” section in the Performance page.
  2. Set the Combinations toggle button to “No” if your site doesn’t contain products having combinations.
  3. Product Feature option can also be disabled from the same section which is enabled by default.
  4. Disabling Customer Group feature will make all customers individually subjected to pricing etc. and not group wise.
Anjali Punjab

Cheap Drupal 8.7 Hosting Provider Recommendation

Drupal is a free community supported framework for creating, organizing, presenting and managing a website. It powers millions of websites and applications from all over the world. Drupal makes it easy for contributors to publish to websites and easy for developers to deploy new sites as well as add features to existing ones. Most commonly referred to as a content management system, or CMS, Drupal has much more to offer. Drupal installations include a set of modules called Core Components, which provide features such as user management, menu systems, and user contributed content. The Drupal open source community (one of the largest in the world) contributes and supports thousands of free flexible and robust modules and themes, which can be easily integrated into websites to offer powerful features such as multimedia, calendars, rating systems, and other social media tools. Drupal is also an application framework that can be used to build other aps. Drupal requires no programming skills yet the HTML code produced is accessible, cross browser compatible, and search engine friendly. Drupal is used for every type of site from personal blogs to highly trafficked enterprise level sites. 2% of all websites worldwide are built in Drupal including whitehouse.gov and many other high profile, highly visited sites.

What is Drupal Used for?

Drupal is a great choice for building all manner of websites from simple 1 page personal websites to enterprise level applications. It is particularly well suited to e-Learning systems, Community/social networking sites, and news publishing, where its powerful authoring and publishing features allow administrators to create, revise, and deploy content in a rapid and organized manner. User management, site reporting and statistics, ad management, community management, and other administrative functions utilize an intuitive and robust back-end user interface. Are you looking for Cheap Drupal 8.7 Hosting? Finding a high quality Cheap Drupal 8.7 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your Drupal 8.7 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Cheap Drupal 8.7 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap Drupal 8.7 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable Drupal 8.7 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

Cheap Drupal 8.7 Hosting Provider Recommendation

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How to Choose Cheap Drupal 8.7 Hosting Provider Recommendation?

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site. Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way. In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits. To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like sales@yourdomain.com, etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important? In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well. In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.
Anjali Punjab

Cheap and Reliable WordPress 5.2 Hosting

WordPress 5.2 “Jaco” was officially released on May 7, 2019, maybe now you need WordPress hosting recommendation that supports WordPress 5.2. In this article, we will give you our best and cheap WordPress 5.2 hosting.

This version comes packed with a lot of exciting changes, the biggest one being the new Site Health check tool which will help both educate users and give developers the essential information they need. Other improvements include PHP error protection (fewer white screens of death), block editor improvements, new dashicons and emojis, and various developer and accessibility updates.

As the WordPress team describes it:

WordPress 5.2 gives you even more robust tools for identifying and fixing configuration issues and fatal errors. Whether you are a developer helping clients or you manage your site solo, these tools can help get you the right information when you need it.

This is the second major release since the launch of the WordPress block editor (AKA Gutenberg) in WordPress 5.0. Below we’ll dive into all the new improvements and the most important changes you will find with this latest WordPress release.

Site Health Check

We saw the first site health check features back in WordPress 5.1 when they added PHP version compatibility checks for plugins and themes. In WordPress 5.2, they’ve added a completely new tool which comes with two new pages to help debug common issues due to server and software configurations, PHP versions, etc.

Site Health Status

Under “Tools” → “Site Health” there is a new page called “Status.” The site health check shows critical information about your WordPress configuration and items that require your attention.

One thing you’ll probably notice right away is that they’ve added a percentage score grade at the top of the page based on how many tests your site passes. Some aren’t happy about this and there is a discussion among developers of whether or not a grading system should exist. The main reason is that scores sometimes create additional problems as users are obsessed with scoring 100%.

However, we are glad to see this, as it will help raise awareness among users. For example, a check for inactive plugins and themes is important. Why?

Many don’t realize that simply because something isn’t active on your WordPress site doesn’t mean someone can’t execute the code if they browse directly to it. Therefore, in order to keep your WordPress site secure, it’s recommended to completely remove inactive themes and plugins if they aren’t being used.

The tests in the new Site Health tool includes checks for the following performance and security-related items:

Performance Checks 🚀

  • Latest WordPress version
  • Up to date version of PHP
  • Up to date SQL server
  • Required and recommended PHP modules are installed
  • UTF8MB4 is supported
  • Scheduled events
  • Working HTTP requests
  • REST API available
  • Can perform loopback requests

Security Checks 🔒

  • Only running active themes
  • Up to date plugins
  • HTTPs connection
  • Secure communication
  • Debug mode off
  • Can communicate with WordPress.org
  • Background updates are working

The tests are also filterable via site_status_tests, meaning plugin or theme developers can add their own tests, or remove existing ones.

Site Health Info

Under “Tools” → “Site Health” there is another new page called “Info.” This is a place to find helpful debugging information about your WordPress site’s configuration which you can share with developers, hosting providers, etc. There is a handy “Copy site info to clipboard” button which allows you to easily grab the information and paste it into a text file to share with a third-party.

The Site Health Info page contains hundreds of different data points about your WordPress site. Without a doubt, this new page will help developers get the information they need from users faster.

Here’s just a small snapshot of some of the awesome and very helpful details you can quickly see.

  • WordPress: WordPress version, site language, user language, Home URL and Site URL, permalink structure, multisite check, number of users.
  • Directories and Sizes: WordPress directory location, size, upload location and size, theme location and size, plugin location and size, database size, total installation size.
  • Active Theme: Name of theme, version, author, author website, parent theme, theme features, theme directory location.
  • Must Use Plugins: Details of any must use plugins currently running, version numbers, and author names.
  • Active Plugins: Active plugins running, version numbers, and author names.
  • Media Handling: Active editor, ImageMagick version number, string, resource limits, GD version, Ghostscript version.
  • Server: Server architecture (such as Linux, Windows, etc.), Web server (such as Nginx or Apache), PHP version, PHP SAPI, PHP max input variables, time limit, memory limit, max input time, upload max filesize, post max size, cURL version, SUHOSIN status, Imagick library status, .htaccess rules.
  • Database: Extension, server version, client version, database user, host, name, prefix.
  • WordPress Constants: ABSPATH, WP_HOME, WP_SITEURL, WP_CONTENT_DIR, WP_PLUGIN_DIR, WP_MAX_MEMORY_LIMIT, WP_DEBUG, WP_DEBUG_DISPLAY, WP_DEBUG_LOG, SCRIPT_DEBUG, WP_CACHE, CONCATENATE_SCRIPTS, COMPRESS_SCRIPTS, COMPRESS_CSS, WP_LOCAL_DEV.
  • Filesystem Permissions: Check against the following directories to see if they are writable. Main WordPress directory, wp-content directory, uploads directory, plugins directory, themes directory, must use plugins directory.

WordPress 5.2’s new Site Health tool provides amazing debugging info for developers to better help users!

PHP Error Protection

WordPress 5.1 was originally scheduled to introduce a new feature called “fatal error protection” which would protect from the WordPress white screen of death while updating PHP. However, due to several critical flaws, this feature was delayed. It has now been included in WordPress 5.2.

With this protection, WordPress will recognize when a fatal error occurs and pause the offending theme or plugin in the WordPress admin dashboard so that you’ll still be able to log into the backend of your site and (hopefully) fix the problem. For less tech-savvy users, this is a great new feature. All we can say is, we wish this feature had been added years ago!

However, we always still recommend using a staging environment when testing out a new version of PHP.

If your site experiences issues while upgrading PHP versions, it will look like the image below on the front-end, but you will still be able to log into the backend to fix the problem.

On the backend, you will see a message letting you know that your WordPress site is currently in recovery mode and that there may be an error with a theme or plugin.

Miscellaneous Developer Updates

WordPress 5.2 also comes with improvements for developers; everything from improvements to the block editor and privacy policy pages, a new WordPress hook, updates to the coding standard, and more.

Block Editor Improvements

There were dozens of improvements made to the block editor (Gutenberg) that is shipping with WordPress 5.2. A few that caught our eye:

  • In 5.0, WP_Screen::is_block_editor() was introduced to allow developers to conditionally execute code depending on whether the block editor is being loaded. However, there were some issues with this that have now been fixed in WordPress 5.2.
  • Media and text blocks got enhanced.
  • Image and block resizers are much better than before.
  • There were performance improvements made in terms of loading time.

PHP Coding Standard Updates

WordPress now officially recommends running PHP 5.6 or higher with your hosting provider.

With WordPress 5.2, this means developers can take advantage of new coding standards such as namespaces, anonymous functions, short array syntax, short ternary syntax, and assignments with conditionals. If you’re a developer and have already been running on PHP 7 or higher for a while now, this might not impact you, but it’s good to see WordPress making updates.

Privacy Updates

WordPress 5.2 brings several improvements for developers working with Privacy Policy pages and data exports.

The first is four new helpers which will make customizing the privacy policy page easier:

  • New function: is_privacy_policy()
  • A new theme template file: privacy-policy.php
  • New body class: .privacy-policy
  • New menu item class: .menu-item-privacy-policy

The second change is in regards to data exports:

User Data exports no longer use a hardcoded list, but now use the default list of allowed tags in wp_kses(). New filtering is now available as well.

Improvements for Writing JavaScript

With the addition of webpack and Babel configurations in the @wordpress/scripts package, developers won’t have to worry about setting up complex build tools to write modern JavaScript. Read more about JavaScript improvements.

New Body Tag Hook

WordPress 5.2 adds a new wp_body_open() hook, which lets themes support injecting code right at the beginning of the <body> element. The WordPress team encourages theme developers to start using this.

New Emojis and Dashicons

In terms of visual updates, WordPress 5.2 has new emojis and dashicons.

Twemoji Updated

In WordPress 5.2 the latest version of Twemoji, 12.0.1, was added. Version 12 includes 230 new emojis, including accessibility emojis and our personal favorite, the Sloth.

New Dashicons

Dashicons are used to prettify your WordPress admin dashboard. It was definitely time for an update as they haven’t changed since WordPress 4.5. WordPress 5.2 has 13 new icons, including Instagram, a suite of icons for BuddyPress, and rotated Earth icons for global inclusion. WOFF 2.0 font file format has also been added.

Notable Accessibility Changes

Along with WordPress 5.2 comes a number of changes working together to improve contextual awareness and keyboard navigation flow for those using screen readers and other assistive technologies.

  • Post formats are now in list tables.
  • New link markup on the WordPress admin bar submenu.
  • The currently viewed archive in the archive dropdown widget is now pre-selected.
  • A new media view was added to the media library.
  • Headings were added to the data tables on the Export Personal Data and Erase Personal Data pages.
  • The alt text field is now the first field displayed in the media modal.

Are you looking for Cheap WordPress 5.2 Hosting? Finding a high quality Cheap WordPress 5.2 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your WordPress 5.2 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Cheap WordPress 5.2 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap WordPress 5.2 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable WordPress 5.2 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

Cheap and Reliable WordPress 5.2 Hosting

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discountservice-icon
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ASPHostPortal DiscountService.biz UKWindowsHostASP.NET
$1.00/month $2.00/month £3.00/month
Host 1 Site Host 1 Site Host 5 Sites
1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space
10 GB Bandwidth 10 GB Bandwidth 20 GB Bandwidth
Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool
Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains
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Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET
Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel
Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012
SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014
Latest MySql version Latest MySql version Latest MySql version

How to Choose Cheap and Reliable WordPress 5.2 Hosting?

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like sales@yourdomain.com, etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab
Best SugarCRM 7.7 Hosting Recommendation

The Best WordPress LMS Plugins to Build Online Courses in 2019

Knowledge is power.

That’s usually something people say when stressing the importance of education, but you never really appreciate how true that saying really is until you’re selling your own knowledge and experience. That’s when you see just how much people are willing to pay for education.

And all you need to turn that knowledge into a source of revenue is a WordPress site, a good LMS plugin, and marketing tools that boost engagement. In a few minutes, you can lay the groundwork for a profitable online educational course that leaves your subscribers hungry for more.

Ready to get started? Check out our list of favorite LMS plugins and learn which is right for your WordPress site.

1. LearnPress

Want a powerful WordPress LMS plugin, free of charge? If so, LearnPress is the perfect platform for you.

LearnPress puts you in the driver’s seat, enabling you to build and manage coursework any way you see fit. It comes with a wide range of free tools to help you get your courses off the ground. Best of all, LearnDash’s professional bundle makes it easy to expand your services as your content grows, so that you can meet the needs of new and existing subscribers. These premium features include:

  • Course certificates.
  • A content drip add-on.
  • Management tools for tracking students, grades, and course content.

LearnPress also has an extensive library of free and premium add-ons which you can integrate into your eCommerce site, so you can make individual adjustments to your platform while paying for only the add-ons you need.

Keep in mind that LearnPress doesn’t come with a setup wizard like most other WordPress LMS plugins. While you’re able to exercise more control over your content, creating lessons takes a little more time and work.

Price: Free / $249.99 for PRO Bundle

Ideal for: People looking to minimize start-up fees associated with their online courses.

Drawback: Lack of setup wizard can create a learning curve for beginners.

2. LifterLMS

Whether you’re offering a couple of individual programs or a collection of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), LifterLMS has everything you need, from content management tools to add-ons that target specific segments of your market.

Perfect for building comprehensive courses or training programs, LifterLMS makes it easy to expand on your content by adding course prerequisites, training modules, group memberships, and other tools you can use to customize coursework for specific individuals or entire classes.

But that’s not all. LifterLMS comes with a number of other awesome features that maximize engagement and customer satisfaction, including:

  • End-of-course certificates and achievement badges.
  • Automated emailing.
  • Support for Stripe, PayPal, and Authorize.net.

You can even integrate LifterLMS with other marketing tools, like MailChimp, WooCommerce, and WPForms to boost conversion rates even more.

Price: Between $99 and $999 a year, depending on the plan.

Ideal for: People who want to build scalable Learning Management Systems that cater to the unique needs of individuals and small groups.

Drawback: Can quickly become expensive if you need to purchase a lot of add-ons.

3. LearnDash

When it comes to accessibility, the LearnDash WordPress plugin is arguably one of the easiest and most convenient LMS plugins on the market. Its intuitive drag-and-drop design makes it simple for anyone to create quizzes, training programs, and exams with a click of a button.

LearnDash lets you create customized courses that meet the needs of your subscribers. Whether you’re setting prerequisites for students or you want to schedule content using its built-in drip feed feature, LearnDash makes it easier to optimize engagement every step of the way. Also, it’s one of the few WordPress LMS plugins to support SCORM.

Popular LearnDash features include:

  • The ability to choose between membership, subscription, and one-time pricing options.
  • Test and course management tools, like gradebooks, student metrics, and profiles.
  • Compatibility with most popular payment gateways.

Another awesome LearnDash feature is the optional Course Points setting. Here, students can earn points from completing tasks and lessons, and they can then spend those points unlocking new courses. Not only is it great for increasing engagement, but it’s also a great motivational tool that keeps students wanting more.

Price: Between $159 and $329 a year, depending on the plan. If you want a free alternative that offers many of the same features as LearnDash, take a look at MasterStudy LMS.

Ideal for: Anyone looking for a powerful WordPress education plugin that’s easy to set up and offers an ever-growing range of add-ons and third-party integrations.

Drawback: It has to be integrated with a third-party plugin like WooCommerce or Easy Digital Downloads in order to implement comprehensive payment options.

4. Sensei

Sensei is an LMS and WordPress course listing plugin created by Automattic, the same company behind WooCommerce and WordPress. As such, Sensei interacts smoothly with both platforms, making it easier for users to implement the plugin into their WordPress sites.

One of the biggest advantages you get with Sensei is its simplicity. It’s arguably one of the easiest plugins to navigate, making it an excellent choice for entrepreneurs searching for an online coaching plugin for their WordPress site.

However, Sensei doesn’t offer much beyond your basic LMS tools. You have to integrate it into WooCommerce in order to monetize your courses, and you’ll need to purchase additional add-ons if you want advanced features like certificates, content drip, and student management tools; all of which are features that come standard with many other WordPress Learning Management System plugins.

Price: Starting at $129 for one site.

Ideal for: Merchants already running a WooCommerce store and interested in basic LMS services.

Drawback: Not a lot of additional features or add-on support. Best suited for people running simple courses and short training programs.

5. WP Courseware

Powerful and easy to use, WP Courseware lets users create online courses with its intuitive drag-and-drop platform. Designed to be hassle-free and easy to learn, WP Courseware makes it possible to create custom-tailored courses in a matter of minutes.

Once you’ve got the structure of your course in place, you can use WP Courseware’s advanced tools to further customize your services. These features include:

  • Personalized emails sent automatically to students based on their activity.
  • Advanced testing tools like timers and retake limits.
  • Instructor and student gradebooks.

One thing to keep in mind if you go with WP Courseware is that the platform doesn’t come with its own payment processing gateway. If you want to monetize your content, you’ll need to integrate it with an eCommerce plugin that accepts payments.

Price: Starting at $129 a year for two sites.

Ideal for: Anyone looking to a flexible LMS plugin that’s convenient and quick to learn.

Drawback: No built-in payment support. If you’re looking for a plugin that’s just as user-friendly and has extensive payment support, try Good LMS.

Anjali Punjab
Cheap Zikula 1.4.2 Hosting Recommendation

Best, Cheap and Reliable PrestaShop v1.7.5.2 Hosting Provider

PrestaShop is an open source e-commerce solution that is used freely by more than 120,000 online stores worldwide. It comes with over 275 features being carefully developed in order to increase business owners’ sales with minimal efforts required. All the software features are absolutely free.

PrestaShop is free software as it’s specified in the GNU General Public License and officially started in August 2007 for small and medium-size businesses. The software, based on the Smartly template engine, nowadays is used by more than 100,000 shops all over the world.

PrestaShop has a good record and even was awarded the title of the Best Open Source E-Commerce Application in the Packt 2010 Open Source Awards and the Best Open Source Business Application in the 2011 Open Source Awards.

It supports various payment systems such as PayPal, Google Checkout, Payments Pro via API, Authorize.net and Skrill. It is used on Apache web server 1.3 or later, with PHP 5 or later and MySQL 5 running on it.

About 41 languages are available to different degrees, but only English and French have full support in all the versions. In the admin panel AJAX is used extensively in the software. Module blocks can be added easily to the online store to supply with extra functionality.

Think of managing a dynamic product list at the PrestaShop back-office: administrative interface helps you manage with one-click most complex inventory updates. PrestaShop has a one-page checkout, provides customers with a great number of options to view the chosen products, reliable shipping options along with control logistics ( fees, shipping restrictions, weight and many more) and the ability to attach custom messages. So you can see that PrestaShop will do its best to simplify and make more comfortable customers’ work. When speaking about defying taxes according to customer’s localization, PrestaShop has an advanced tracking system as well as customizable exchange rates. The customers can also choose the preferred currency.

PrestaShop 1.7.5.2 is Now Available

Changelog

- Core:
  - Bug fix:
    - #13599: Forbid URLs to be added in customer names (by @PierreRambaud)
    - #13580: Fixed dispatched hook on the Grid presenter (by @mickaelandrieu)
    - #13567: Improve name validation (by @eternoendless)
    - #13549: Forbid URLs to be inserted into Name fields (by @matks)
- Tests:
  - Refactoring:
    - #13583: Fix selector in E2E tests for addons catalog page and another one in the autoupgrade test (by @nesrineabdmouleh)

Are you looking for Cheap PrestaShop v1.7.5.2 Hosting? Finding a high quality Cheap PrestaShop v1.7.5.2 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your PrestaShop v1.7.5.2 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Cheap PrestaShop v1.7.5.2 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap PrestaShop v1.7.5.2 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable PrestaShop v1.7.5.2 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

Cheap and Reliable PrestaShop v1.7.5.2 Hosting

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How to Choose Cheap and Reliable PrestaShop v1.7.5.2 Hosting?

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like sales@yourdomain.com, etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab
Cheap ASP.NET 5 Hosting Recommendation

Cheap mojoPortal 2.7 Hosting Recommendation

Cheap mojoPortal 2.7 Hosting Recommendation

Cheap ASP.NET 5 Hosting Recommendation

mojoPortal is an open source, cross-platform, content management system (CMS) for ASP.NET which is written in the C# programming language. The CMS supports plugins and has built-in support for, among others, forums, blogs, event calendars, photo galleries, and an e-commerce feature. The project was awarded an Open Source Content Management System Awardby Packt in 2007 saying that the “ease of use, set of relevant tools and plugins and also the fact that it is cross platform, made it stand out above the rest”.

As you may know there is a new web stack coming from Microsoft, ASP.NET Core and .NET Core. These are currently in preview and should be  released early in 2016.

.NET Core framework is a new light weight cross platform version of .NET that will be supported by Microsoft on Windows, Linux, and Mac. ASP.NET Core is the unification of previous MVC concepts with those of Web API.

These new frameworks and tools are going to really modernize the way we develop web applications and sites.

For developers the mojoPortal source code is a great learning tool where you can see reference implementation for:

  • working with various databases in .NET (MS SQL, MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite)
  • implementing the different provider APIs for .NET including:
  • MembershipProvider
  • RolesProvider
  • SiteMapProvider
  • VirtualPathProvider
  • PersonalizationProvider
  • using MasterPages, CSS, and themes to skin a site
  • working with the ASP.NET WebParts framework
  • localization techniques
  • and in general best practices in implementing enterprise class, fast and scalable web applications.

Are You Looking for Cheap mojoPortal 2.7 Hosting?

Finding a high quality Cheap mojoPortal 2.7 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your mojoPortal 2.7 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Cheap mojoPortal 2.7 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap mojoPortal 2.7 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable mojoPortal 2.7 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

Cheap mojoPortal 2.7 Hosting Recommendation

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Host 1 Site Host 1 Site Host 5 Sites
1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space
10 GB Bandwidth 10 GB Bandwidth 20 GB Bandwidth
Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool
Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains
30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back
Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET
Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel
Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012
SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014
Latest MySql version Latest MySql version Latest MySql version

How to Choose Cheap mojoPortal 2.7 Hosting Recommendation?

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like sales@yourdomain.com, etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab
Cheap Classic ASP Hosting Recommendation

Compressed Microsoft SQL Server Backups by Default

Backup Overview (SQL Server)

back up [verb]
Copies the data or log records from a SQL Server database or its transaction log to a backup device, such as a disk, to create a data backup or log backup.

backup [noun]
A copy of SQL Server data that can be used to restore and recover the data after a failure. A backup of SQL Server data is created at the level of a database or one or more of its files or filegroups. Table-level backups cannot be created. In addition to data backups, the full recovery model requires creating backups of the transaction log.

recovery model
A database property that controls transaction log maintenance on a database. Three recovery models exist: simple, full, and bulk-logged. The recovery model of database determines its backup and restore requirements.

restore
A multi-phase process that copies all the data and log pages from a specified SQL Server backup to a specified database, and then rolls forward all the transactions that are logged in the backup by applying logged changes to bring the data forward in time.

Types of backups

copy-only backup
A special-use backup that is independent of the regular sequence of SQL Server backups.

data backup
A backup of data in a complete database (a database backup), a partial database (a partial backup), or a set of data files or filegroups (a file backup).

database backup
A backup of a database. Full database backups represent the whole database at the time the backup finished. Differential database backups contain only changes made to the database since its most recent full database backup.

differential backup
A data backup that is based on the latest full backup of a complete or partial database or a set of data files or filegroups (the differential base) and that contains only the data extents that have changed since the differential base.

A differential partial backup records only the data extents that have changed in the filegroups since the previous partial backup, known as the base for the differential.

full backup
A data backup that contains all the data in a specific database or set of filegroups or files, and also enough log to allow for recovering that data.

log backup
A backup of transaction logs that includes all log records that were not backed up in a previous log backup. (full recovery model)

file backup
A backup of one or more database files or filegroups.

partial backup
Contains data from only some of the filegroups in a database, including the data in the primary filegroup, every read/write filegroup, and any optionally-specified read-only files.

Compressed Microsoft SQL Server Backups by Default

If you compress your database backups you can save a ton of disk space. But by default compressed backups are not created. In order to create a compress SQL Server database backup when your default is not compressed you need to add the “WITH COMPRESSION” option to your BACKUP command. Not a big deal to do, but if you want to always create a compressed backup it might be better to change the default backup type to be compressed. By doing that all our backup command that forget to add the “WITH COMPRESSION” option will be compressed by default.

Your default backup compression option is determined by a system configuration. You can determine how your system configuration is set for the default compression by running the following command:

EXEC sys.sp_configure N'backup compression default';

When you run the above command you will get some output that might look like this:

Here you can see the configured and run value for my backup compression default setting. Note that currently my backup compression default is set to zero (0). This means by default my backups are not compressed. Therefore when a BACKUP command is run that doesn’t have the WITH COMPRESSION option defined I will get an uncompressed backup.

To change the default backup compression options to be compressed you just need to run the following two statements:

EXEC sys.sp_configure N'backup compression default', N'1'
GO
RECONFIGURE WITH OVERRIDE
GO

By running these two command I have changed the default “backup compression default” value to 1. This is the value that will enable compressed backups by default.

Anjali Punjab
Cheap phpBB 3.1.9 Hosting Recommendation

Cheap ASP.NET Core 2.2.4 Hosting Recommendation

Microsoft has renamed its next-generation web application framework ASP.NET Core, previously known as ASP.NET 5. In addition, the forthcoming Entity Framework 7, a database framework, will now be called ASP.NET Core 2.2.4.

Entity Framework Core (EF Core) is Microsoft’s reboot of Entity Framework for the new “mobile first, cloud first” world. According to the roadmap, EF Core will become the official version at some point in the future when the team feels that they have a critical mass of important ORM features implemented. Entity Framework is Microsoft’s recommended data access technology for new applications.

Are you looking for Best ASP.NET Core 2.2.4 Hosting? Finding a high quality Best ASP.NET Core 2.2.4 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your ASP.NET Core 2.2.4 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Best ASP.NET Core 2.2.4 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap ASP.NET Core 2.2.4 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable ASP.NET Core 2.2.4 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

Best ASP.NET Core 2.2.4 / EF Core 2.2.4 Hosting Recommendation

logo-asphostportal1
logo-hostforlife

 

 
logo-ukwindowshostaspnet
ASPHostPortal HostForLIFE.eu UKWindowsHostASP.NET
$2.2.40/month €3.00/month £3.00/month
Host 1 Site Host Unlimited Site Host 5 Sites
1 GB Disk Space Unlimited Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space
10 GB Bandwidth Unlimited Bandwidth 20 GB Bandwidth
Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool
Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains
30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back
Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET
Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel
Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012
SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014
Latest MySql version Latest MySql version Latest MySql version

How to Choose Cheap ASP.NET Core 2.2.4 Hosting Recommendation

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like sales@yourdomain.com, etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab
Cheap Zikula 1.4.2 Hosting Recommendation

ASP.NET CORE – Learn CRUD Operations in ADO.NET

In this ASP.NET Core Tutorial you will learn to do CRUD operations in ADO.NET from the very beginning. This tutorial will help you to learn ADO.NET so that you can start doing database programming in ASP.NET CORE with C#.

Creating a new ASP.NET Core Web Application

In your Visual Studio, select ‘File > New Project’. A new window will get opened, here:

a. On the left side, select ‘Installed > Visual C# > Web’.

b. On the middle part, select ‘ASP.NET Core Web Application’.

c. On the lower part, give your project name as ‘CRUDADO’ or anything you want, and select the location on the drive where project files will be stored. Also select the option — ‘Create directory for solution’ and finally click the ‘OK’ button to create your project.

Next, a new window will open that ask you to select the project template, dot net framework and a few more things. In this window make sure you select these things:

a. On the 2 drop downs at the top, select ‘.NET Core’ and ‘ASP.NET Core 2.0’. You can also select ASP.NET Core version greater than 2.0.

b. Select the ‘Empty’ project template.

c. Click the ‘OK’ button to create your ASP.NET Core Web Application

Configuring ASP.NET Core Web Application

Your application should have support of MVC framework, routing and Static files. All this can be done from the ‘Startup.cs’ class which is located in the root of the application.

Open the Startup.cs class and add these supports inside the ConfigureServices() and Configure() methods as shown below:

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Builder;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting;
using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;
namespace CRUDADO
{
public class Startup
{
public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
services.AddMvc();
}
        public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IHostingEnvironment env)
{
app.UseStaticFiles();
app.UseDeveloperExceptionPage();
app.UseMvc(routes =>
{
routes.MapRoute(
name: "default",
template: "{controller=Home}/{action=Index}/{id?}");
});
}
}
}

Create Layout, ViewImports, ViewStart and add Bootstrap

Create ‘Views’ folder in the root of your project, and inside it create a ‘Shared’ folder.

Next, right click on the ‘Shared’ folder, and select ‘Add > New Item’. You will get a new window showing the item list, from this list select ‘MVC View Layout Page’ and click the ‘Add’ button.

This will add _Layout.cshtml file in the Shared folder and it will be open for editing. You need to add the following code to it:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>@ViewData["Title"]</title>
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width" />
<link href="/lib/bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.css" rel="stylesheet" />
</head>
<body class="m-1 p-1">
@RenderBody()
</body>
</html>

Next, download the Bootstrap Package and extract the Bootstrap zip file contents inside the ‘wwwroot > lib’ folder of your project.

Bootstrap is used to create responsive layout that are mobile friendly. It is the most popular CSS framework in the world.

Next, right click on the ‘Views’ folder and select ‘Add > New Item’. On the items list, select ‘MVC View Imports Page’ and click the ‘Add’ button. This will add _ViewImports.cshtml file.

Import the built-in tag helpers & models namespace for the Views, by adding the following code to this file:

@using CRUDADO.Models
@addTagHelper *, Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.TagHelpers

In the same way, right click the ‘Views’ folder and select ‘Add > New Item’. On the items list, select ‘MVC View Start Page’ and click the ‘Add’ button.

This will add the _ViewStart.cshtml file with the following initial code:

@{
Layout = "_Layout";
}

It tells that all the Views will have the Layout from the _Layout.cshtml file which is located inside the Shared folder.

Creating a Database

You must have SQL Server 2017 (any edition) installed in your PC. However, any other edition of SQL Server like 2016, 2008, 2012, will work.

Next, you need to connect to the SQL Server which you can do with SQL Server Object Explorer in Visual Studio. So select ‘View > SQL Server Object Explorer in Visual Studio’ in Visual Studio.

When ‘SQL Server Object Explorer’ window opens, right click on the SQL Server node and select Add SQL Server.

Next, a Connect window opens up. In this window, select the ‘Browse’ tab then click on the ‘Local’ node to open it.

Inside this node, select the 2nd option that says (localdb)\MSSQLLocalDB. After selecting it, you will notice the ‘Server Name:’ field, in the same window, now has the (localdb)\MSSQLLocalDB value.

Now you have to simply click the Connect button to connect to the SQL Server. See the below image:

In a few seconds time the SQL Server will be connected and ready to use.

Next, right click on Databases node and select Add New Database.

In the dialog box, enter School as the database name and click OK to create the database.

The school database is created and is empty. So now first create the ‘Teacher’ table.

Click the ► sign given in front of School database name to open the various nodes inside it.

Next, right click on the Tables node and select Add New Table.

Table Design Window will open up in the Visual Studio. Here you can add the fields for the Teacher table.

In this window, inside the T-SQL tab, you can enter the below script to create the ‘Teacher’ table:

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Teacher]
(
[Id] INT NOT NULL IDENTITY(1,1) PRIMARY KEY,
[Name] VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL,
[Skills] VARCHAR(250) NOT NULL,
[TotalStudents] INT NOT NULL,
[Salary] MONEY NOT NULL,
[AddedOn] DATE NOT NULL DEFAULT GETDATE()
)

Next, you click the Update button to start the creation process of this table, see the below image which explains this:

You will get a new dialog box called ‘Preview Database Updates’. Here click the ‘Update Database’ button and within a few seconds the Inventory table will be created.

You can find this newly created table inside the ‘Tables’ node.

The ‘Teacher’ table has 6 columns which are:

1. Id — a primary key column that will be auto-generated from 1 since it is provided with Identity(1,1) attribute.

2. Name — a varchar(50) column for storing the name of the teacher.

3. Skills — for storing the skills of the teacher.

4. TotalStudents — an Int column for storing the total number of students which a given teacher teaches.

5. Salary — for storing the salary of the teacher.

6. AddedOn — for storing the time of the creation of the record. The column has a Date type and is it automatically gets the current time using the GETDATE() SQL function.

Note that the columns have NOT NULL attribute so they cannot contain NULL in them.

Adding Connection String of the Database in the Application

A Connection String stores the parameters to the database and is used to connect the application to it. These parameters are the name of the driver, Server name and Database name. It also contains security information such as user name and password needed for the database connection.

The connection string is stored inside the appsettings.json file which resides in the root of the application.

Right click on the project name in the Solution Explorer and select Add > New Item. Then when the ‘Add New Item’ window opens up, select ASP.NET Configuration file file, and give it the name as appsettings.json (see below image). Finally click the ‘Add’ button.

The file will be created and open up for editing in Visual Studio. Add the below connection string to it:

{
"ConnectionStrings": {
"DefaultConnection": "Server= (localdb)\\MSSQLLocalDB;Database=School;Trusted_Connection=True;MultipleActiveResultSets=true"
}
}

I defined trusted Connection as true in the connection string so the Windows credentials of the current user are used to authenticate against the SQL Server.

Adding Model class for Teacher

Right click on the project name in the Solutions Explorer and select ‘Add > New Folder’. Name this folder as ‘Models’. Then right click this ‘Models’ folder and select ‘Add > New Item’.

In the window that opens, select a new Class and name it teachers. Add the following properties to this class:

using CRUDADO.CustomValidation;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
namespace CRUDADO.Models
{
public class Teacher
{
[Required]
public int Id { get; set; }
        [Required]
public string Name { get; set; }
        [Required]
[SkillsValidate(Allowed = new string[] { "ASP.NET Core", "ASP.NET MVC", "ASP.NET Web Forms" }, ErrorMessage = "You skills are invalid")]
public string Skills { get; set; }
        [Range(5, 50)]
public int TotalStudents { get; set; }
        [Required]
public decimal Salary { get; set; }

[Required]
public DateTime AddedOn { get; set; }
}
}

This class has 6 properties for the 6 columns in the Teacher table in the database. I have applied the [Required] attributes on Id, Name, Skills, Salary and AddedOn properties, the TotalStudent property is applied with the [Range] attribute so it will only allow values from 5 to 50.

Also note the [SkillsValidate] attribute applied to the Skills property. The [SkillsValidate] attribute Is a custom validation attribute through which I will force Skills property to only accept 3 values which are:

1. ASP.NET Core

2. ASP.NET MVC

3. ASP.NET Web Forms

Next, I will create the [SkillsValidate] custom validation attribute. So create a new folder on the root of the application and name it as ‘CustomValidation’. Inside this folder add a new class called ‘SkillsValidate.cs’ and add the following code to it:

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.ModelBinding.Validation;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
namespace CRUDADO.CustomValidation
{
public class SkillsValidate : Attribute, IModelValidator
{
public string[] Allowed { get; set; }
public string ErrorMessage { get; set; }

public IEnumerable<ModelValidationResult> Validate(ModelValidationContext context)
{
if (Allowed.Contains(context.Model as string))
return Enumerable.Empty<ModelValidationResult>();
else
return new List<ModelValidationResult> {
new ModelValidationResult("", ErrorMessage)
};
}
}
}

Adding Client Side Validation feature

The Client Side validation feature is performed by ‘jQuery’ and 2 validation plugins which are:

1. jQuery Validation

2. jQuery Validation Unobtrusive

To install these 3 run the following commands in the ‘Package Manager Console’ window:

PM> Install-Package jQuery -Version 3.3.1
PM> Install-Package jQuery.Validation -Version 1.17.0
PM> Install-Package jQuery.Validation.Unobtrusive -Version 2.0.20710

Performing the CREATE Teacher Functionality

Create ‘Controllers’ folder on the root of the Application. Inside this folder add a new controller called ‘HomeController.cs’. The controller will have the initial code as shown below:

using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
namespace CRUDADO.Controllers
{
public class HomeController : Controller
{
public IActionResult Index()
{
return View();
}
}
}

The connection string is kept in appsettings.json file. To access this file I have to get the object of IConfiguration interface through Dependency Injection feature. Therefore I have to add the IConfiguration interface in the constructor of the HomeController and MVC framework will automatically provide me the object for it.

So change the Home Controller’s code to as shown below:

using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration;
namespace CRUDADO.Controllers
{
public class HomeController : Controller
{
public IConfiguration Configuration { get; }
public HomeController(IConfiguration configuration)
{
Configuration = configuration;
}

public IActionResult Index()
{
return View();
}
}
}

The CREATE Teacher Functionality is done through a new Action method called ‘CREATE’. So add the Create Action methods to the Home Controller as shown below:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using CRUDADO.Models;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration;
namespace CRUDADO.Controllers
{
public class HomeController : Controller
{
public IConfiguration Configuration { get; }
public HomeController(IConfiguration configuration)
{
Configuration = configuration;
}
        public IActionResult Index()
{
return View();
}
        public IActionResult Create()
{
return View();
}
        [HttpPost]
public IActionResult Create_Post(Teacher teacher)
{
if (ModelState.IsValid)
{
string connectionString = Configuration["ConnectionStrings:DefaultConnection"];
using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
{
string sql = $"Insert Into Teacher (Name, Skills, TotalStudents, Salary) Values ('{teacher.Name}', '{teacher.Skills}','{teacher.TotalStudents}','{teacher.Salary}')";
                    using (SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand(sql, connection))
{
command.CommandType = CommandType.Text;
connection.Open();
command.ExecuteNonQuery();
connection.Close();
}
return RedirectToAction("Index");
}
}
else
return View();
}
}
}

In the Create Action method I got the connection string in the below code line:

string connectionString = Configuration["ConnectionStrings:DefaultConnection"];

Then I used the ‘SqlCommand’ object to insert the teacher’s records by running the insert SQL Query:

string sql = $"Insert Into Teacher (Name, Skills, TotalStudents, Salary) Values ('{teacher.Name}', '{teacher.Skills}','{teacher.TotalStudents}','{teacher.Salary}')";

Next, add the ‘Views’ folder in the root of the application. Inside this folder create a new folder called ‘Home’.

Next, create a new View called ‘Create.cshtml’ inside this ‘Home’ folder (i.e. ‘Views>Home’). Add the following code to this View:

@model Teacher
@{
Layout = "_Layout";
var title = "CREATE Teacher";
ViewData["Title"] = title;
}
<style>
.input-validation-error {
border-color: red;
}
</style>
<h2>@title</h2>
<div asp-validation-summary="ModelOnly" class="text-danger"></div>
<form class="m-1 p-1" method="post">
<div class="form-group">
<label asp-for="Name"></label>
<input asp-for="Name" class="form-control" />
<span asp-validation-for="Name" class="text-danger"></span>
</div>
    <div class="form-group">
<label asp-for="Skills"></label>
<input asp-for="Skills" type="text" class="form-control" />
<span asp-validation-for="Skills" class="text-danger"></span>
</div>
    <div class="form-group">
<label asp-for="TotalStudents"></label>
<input asp-for="TotalStudents" type="text" class="form-control" />
<span asp-validation-for="TotalStudents" class="text-danger"></span>
</div>
    <div class="form-group">
<label asp-for="Salary"></label>
<input asp-for="Salary" type="text" class="form-control" />
<span asp-validation-for="Salary" class="text-danger"></span>
</div>
<button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button></form>
<script src="/lib/jquery/dist/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="/lib/jquery-validation/dist/jquery.validate.min.js"></script>
<script src="/lib/jquery-validation-unobtrusive/dist/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.min.js"></script>

The View has a Model of type ‘Teacher’ and it creates Input fields for ‘Name, Skills, TotalStudents and Salary’, so that user can fill and submit it.

When the Submit button is clicked then the Create Action of type HttpPost, is called and the new teacher records is created.

Notice the 3 script files which do the Client Side Validation of the input fields in the View:

<script src="/lib/jquery/dist/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="/lib/jquery-validation/dist/jquery.validate.min.js"></script>
<script src="/lib/jquery-validation-unobtrusive/dist/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.min.js"></script>

Testing the Create Teacher functionality

Run the application and in the browser go to the URL of ‘Create’ View, which is — http://localhost:52730/Home/Create. You will see the Create Teacher form in the browser.

Without filling any fields press the Submit button and you will see the validation errors displayed by jQuery Validation plugins.

Now fill all the fields (as shown by the below image) and click the submit button.

The teacher record will be created in the database and you will be redirected to the Index View which is currently empty.

You can confirm the record is inserted in the Teacher’s table. For this go to the ‘SQL Server Object Explorer’, then right click the ‘Teacher’ table and select ‘View Data’.

The teacher table will open and you will see the new teacher record in it, see the below image:

Performing the READ Teacher Functionality

Now we will create the READ Teacher Functionality. So change the Index Action in the Home Controller to return all the teachers to the View as shown below:

public IActionResult Index()
{
List<Teacher> teacherList = new List<Teacher>();
string connectionString = Configuration["ConnectionStrings:DefaultConnection"];
    using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
{
//SqlDataReader
connection.Open();

string sql = "Select * From Teacher";SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand(sql, connection);
using (SqlDataReader dataReader = command.ExecuteReader())
{
while (dataReader.Read())
{
Teacher teacher = new Teacher();
teacher.Id = Convert.ToInt32(dataReader["Id"]);
teacher.Name = Convert.ToString(dataReader["Name"]);
teacher.Skills = Convert.ToString(dataReader["Skills"]);
                teacher.TotalStudents = Convert.ToInt32(dataReader["TotalStudents"]);
teacher.Salary = Convert.ToDecimal(dataReader["Salary"]);
teacher.AddedOn = Convert.ToDateTime(dataReader["AddedOn"]);
                teacherList.Add(teacher);
}
}
connection.Close();
}
return View(teacherList);
}

In this action I execute the ‘Select * from Teacher’ query with the SqlCommand’s ExecuteReader() method to get an SqlDataReader object.

I then loop through all the records using SqlDataReader’s ‘.Read()’ method, and create a teacher list object which contains all the teacher’s records. This object is returned to the View as the Model in the very end of the code.

Next, add the ‘Index’ View inside the ‘Views/Home/’ folder with the following code:

@model IEnumerable<Teacher>
@{
Layout = "_Layout";
var title = "READ Teacher";
ViewData["Title"] = title;
}
<h2>@title</h2>
<h3><a asp-action="Create" class="btn btn-sm btn-secondary">Create</a></h3>
<table class="table table-bordered table-sm table-striped">
<thead>
<tr>
<th>Id</th>
<th>Name</th>
<th>Skills</th>
<th>Total Students</th>
<th>Salary</th>
<th>Added On</th>
<th>Update</th>
<th>Delete</th>
</tr>
</thead>
<tbody>
@if (Model == null)
{
<tr>
<td colspan="7" class="text-center">No Model Data</td>
</tr>
}
else
{
@foreach (var p in Model)
{
<tr>
<td>@p.Id</td>
<td>@p.Name</td>
<td>@p.Skills</td>
<td>@p.TotalStudents</td>
<td>@string.Format(new System.Globalization.CultureInfo("en-US"), "{0:C2}", p.Salary)</td>
<td>@string.Format("{0:dddd, dd MMMM yyyy}", p.AddedOn)</td>
<td><a asp-action="Update" asp-route-id="@p.Id">Update</a></td>
<td>
<form asp-action="Delete" method="post" asp-route-id="@p.Id">
<button>Delete</button>
</form>
</td>
</tr>
}
}
</tbody>
</table>

Notice that I have also created the columns for Update and Delete functionality in the table’s thead and tbody elements:

<table class="table table-bordered table-sm table-striped">
<thead>
<tr>
<th>Id</th>
<th>Name</th>
<th>Skills</th>
<th>Total Students</th>
<th>Salary</th>
<th>Added On</th>
<th>Update</th>
<th>Delete</th>
</tr>
</thead>
<tbody>
    else
{
@foreach (var p in Model)
{
<tr>
                <td><a asp-action="Update" asp-route-id="@p.Id">Update</a></td>
<td>
<form asp-action="Delete" method="post" asp-route-id="@p.Id">
<button>Delete</button>
</form>
</td>
</tr>
}
}
</tbody>
</table>

We will create the Update and Delete Functionality in the next sections.

Testing the Read Teacher functionality

Run your application and you will see the Teacher’s table records get displayed in the Index View. This is shown by the below image:

Performing the UPDATE Teacher functionality

The Update functionality is done by adding Update Action methods to the Home Controller. The codes to add to the Controller are given below:

public IActionResult Update(int id)
{
string connectionString = Configuration["ConnectionStrings:DefaultConnection"];
Teacher teacher = new Teacher();
    using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
{
string sql = $"Select * From Teacher Where Id='{id}'";
SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand(sql, connection);
connection.Open();
        using (SqlDataReader dataReader = command.ExecuteReader())
{
while (dataReader.Read())
{
teacher.Id = Convert.ToInt32(dataReader["Id"]);
teacher.Name = Convert.ToString(dataReader["Name"]);
teacher.Skills = Convert.ToString(dataReader["Skills"]);
                teacher.TotalStudents = Convert.ToInt32(dataReader["TotalStudents"]);
                teacher.Salary = Convert.ToDecimal(dataReader["Salary"]);
                teacher.AddedOn = Convert.ToDateTime(dataReader["AddedOn"]);
}
}
connection.Close();
}
return View(teacher);
}
[HttpPost]
[ActionName("Update")]
public IActionResult Update_Post(Teacher teacher)
{
string connectionString = Configuration["ConnectionStrings:DefaultConnection"];
using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
{
string sql = $"Update Teacher SET Name='{teacher.Name}', Skills='{teacher.Skills}', TotalStudents='{teacher.TotalStudents}', Salary='{teacher.Salary}' Where Id='{teacher.Id}'";
        using (SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand(sql, connection))
{
connection.Open();
command.ExecuteNonQuery();
connection.Close();
}
}
return RedirectToAction("Index");
}

The HttpGet version of Update action method takes the ‘id’ of the teacher in it’s parameter and then runs the SQL Query called Select * From Teacher Where Id='{id}' with the SqlCommand object. It gets the teacher record’s value and returns it to the Update View.

The HttpPost version of Update Action method does the actual update of the teacher’s record using ADO.NET ‘SqlCommand’ object. The important thing to note is the update query which is:

string sql = $"Update Teacher SET Name='{teacher.Name}', Skills='{teacher.Skills}', TotalStudents='{teacher.TotalStudents}', Salary='{teacher.Salary}' Where Id='{teacher.Id}'";

Next, create the Update View inside the ‘Views/Home/’ folder with the following code:

@model Teacher
@{
Layout = "_Layout";
var title = "UPDATE Teacher";
ViewData["Title"] = title;
}
<style>
.input-validation-error {
border-color: red;
}
</style>
<h2>@title</h2>
<div asp-validation-summary="ModelOnly" class="text-danger"></div>
<form class="m-1 p-1" method="post">
<div class="form-group">
<label asp-for="Id"></label>
<input asp-for="Id" type="text" readonly class="form-control" />
</div
<div class="form-group">
<label asp-for="Name"></label>
<input asp-for="Name" type="text" class="form-control" />
<span asp-validation-for="Name" class="text-danger"></span>
</div>
<div class="form-group">
<label asp-for="Skills"></label>
<input asp-for="Skills" type="text" class="form-control" />
<span asp-validation-for="Skills" class="text-danger"></span>
</div>
<div class="form-group">
<label asp-for="TotalStudents"></label>
<input asp-for="TotalStudents" type="text" class="form-control" />
<span asp-validation-for="TotalStudents" class="text-danger"></span>
</div>
<div class="form-group">
<label asp-for="Salary"></label>
<input asp-for="Salary" type="text" class="form-control"/>
<span asp-validation-for="Salary" class="text-danger"></span>
</div>
<div class="form-group">
<label asp-for="AddedOn"></label>
<input asp-for="AddedOn" type="text" class="form-control" asp-format="{0:d}" />
</div>
<button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>
</form>
<script src="/lib/jquery/dist/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="/lib/jquery-validation/dist/jquery.validate.min.js"></script><script src="/lib/jquery-validation-unobtrusive/dist/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.min.js"></script>

The View is similar to the Index View we created earlier. I have made the ‘Id’ field as readonly so that user cannot change it.

Testing the Update Teacher functionality

Run your application and click the ‘Update’ link for the 1st teacher records, see below image:

The record will open for updation. Change name to ‘Bill Gates’ and salary to ‘100000000’. Finally click the submit button as shown by the below image:

Record will be updated and you will be redirected to the Index View where you can see the updated record fields as shown by the below image:

Performing the DELETE Teacher Functionality

Create Delete Action method in the Home Controller whose code is given below:

HttpPost]
public IActionResult Delete(int id)
{
string connectionString = Configuration["ConnectionStrings:DefaultConnection"]
using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
{
string sql = $"Delete From Teacher Where Id='{id}'";
using (SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand(sql, connection))
{
connection.Open();
try
{
command.ExecuteNonQuery();
}
catch (SqlException ex)
{
ViewBag.Result = "Operation got error:" + ex.Message;
}
connection.Close();
}
}
return RedirectToAction("Index");
}

This method takes the id of the teacher’s record in it’s parameter and then execute the Delete SQL query:

string sql = $"Delete From Teacher Where Id='{id}'";

Testing the Delete Teacher functionality

Run your application and click the ‘Delete’ link given against any of the record. Check the below images which shows the record deletion process:

Anjali Punjab

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