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Cheap Drupal 8.0.4 Hosting Recommendation

Cheap Drupal 9.2.2 Hosting Provider Recommendation

Drupal is a free community supported framework for creating, organizing, presenting and managing a website. It powers millions of websites and applications from all over the world. Drupal makes it easy for contributors to publish to websites and easy for developers to deploy new sites as well as add features to existing ones. Most commonly referred to as a content management system, or CMS, Drupal has much more to offer. Drupal installations include a set of modules called Core Components, which provide features such as user management, menu systems, and user contributed content.

The Drupal open source community (one of the largest in the world) contributes and supports thousands of free flexible and robust modules and themes, which can be easily integrated into websites to offer powerful features such as multimedia, calendars, rating systems, and other social media tools. Drupal is also an application framework that can be used to build other aps. Drupal requires no programming skills yet the HTML code produced is accessible, cross browser compatible, and search engine friendly. Drupal is used for every type of site from personal blogs to highly trafficked enterprise level sites. 2% of all websites worldwide are built in Drupal including whitehouse.gov and many other high profile, highly visited sites.

What is Drupal Used for?

Drupal is a great choice for building all manner of websites from simple 1 page personal websites to enterprise level applications. It is particularly well suited to e-Learning systems, Community/social networking sites, and news publishing, where its powerful authoring and publishing features allow administrators to create, revise, and deploy content in a rapid and organized manner. User management, site reporting and statistics, ad management, community management, and other administrative functions utilize an intuitive and robust back-end user interface.

Are you looking for Cheap Drupal 9.2.2 Hosting? Finding a high quality Cheap Drupal 9.2.2 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your Drupal 9.2.2 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Cheap Drupal 9.2.2 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap Drupal 9.2.2 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable Drupal 9.2.2 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

Cheap Drupal 9.2.2 Hosting Provider Recommendation

logo-asphostportal1
discountservice-icon
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ASPHostPortal DiscountService.biz UKWindowsHostASP.NET
$1.00/month $2.00/month £3.00/month
Host 1 Site Host 1 Site Host 5 Sites
1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space
10 GB Bandwidth 10 GB Bandwidth 20 GB Bandwidth
Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool
Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains
30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back
Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET
Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel
Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012
SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014
Latest MySql version Latest MySql version Latest MySql version

How to Choose Cheap Drupal 9.2.2 Hosting Provider Recommendation?

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like [email protected], etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab
Cheap Drupal 8.0.4 Hosting Recommendation

Adding Functionality with functions.php, a Heart of WordPress Theme Development

This article introduces one of the most important topics in WordPress development: functions.php. The functions file is one of the complex, interesting, and powerful in the arsenal of a WordPress theme.

Key Takeaways:

  • functions.php is a specially named PHP file that can be located inside any WordPress theme. WordPress knows to execute the code in functions.php during its normal PHP processing.
  • functions.php‘s job is to add custom functionality to the theme and site. It is composed of PHP functions—small bits of PHP code that add or change functionality across the site.
  • As functions.php is inside the theme, its functionality additions should all be presentational in nature. Examples include: enqueueing CSS stylesheets and presentational JavaScript files, enabling featured images, registering custom image sizes, and registering navigation menus and widget areas.

functions.php is the “brain” of a WordPress theme: it’s where we dictate all kinds of presentational functionality—PHP functions that control how things display, rather than the site’s underlying data—for the theme.

In this functions.php tutorial, we’ll cover how to work with functions.php, and some of what it can do for your theme and site.

What functions.php Is

functions.php exists to provide useful presentational PHP functions: small bits of work that change how the site displays.

In a WordPress theme, functions.php exists to provide the theme with useful presentational PHP functions: small bits of work that change how the site displays in defined ways.

KEEPING IT PRESENTATIONAL

Ask yourself: “If I changed themes, would I lose lots of data, or would things just display differently?” It should be the latter for functions inside functions.php.

Presentational changes don’t alter the site’s underlying data: things like post content, registered users, custom post types, taxonomies such as tags and categories, or sitewide data like “site title” or “customer discount codes.”

To know whether a function qualifies, ask yourself: “If I changed themes, would I lose data, or would things just display differently?” If you’d lose data, then you’ve strayed from the presentational role of themes.

functions.php Autoloads, Before the Rest of the Theme

Because functions.php autoloads first, its functions are available anywhere in your theme.

functions.php is a PHP file which WordPress knows to examine as part of its “factory” process. It’ll ignore most file names by default, but it knows to open up an active theme’s functions.php, see what’s inside, and execute it.

WordPress understands that your theme’s other files may rely on functions in functions.php. That means the PHP engine needs to load functions.php before it loads the pages in the template hierarchy.

The autoloading of functions.php means that its functions are available to you in any of your theme’s PHP files. As a result, it’s the place in your theme to put WordPress function calls that should always run, or be available. This is an incredibly valuable part of WordPress theme development.

Uses of functions.php

Let’s take a look at just a snippet of WPShout’s functions.php, and see what it’s doing for us:

<?php

// Add theme support for featured images, and add a few custom image sizes
add_theme_support( 'post-thumbnails' ); 
add_image_size( 'featured-image-large', 640, 294, true );
add_image_size( 'featured-image-small', 200, 129, true );
add_image_size( 'featured-image-tiny', 124, 80, true );

// Enqueue theme JavaScripts and CSS styles
function wpshout_scripts( ) {
    // Enqueue JS that gives the search box a default value
    wp_enqueue_script( 
        'search-box-value',
        get_stylesheet_directory_uri() . '/js/search-box-value.js',
        array( 'jquery' )
    );

    // Enqueue JS that sets a dynamic page minimum height
    wp_enqueue_script( 
        'page-min-height',
        get_stylesheet_directory_uri() . '/js/page-min-height.js',
        array( 'jquery' )
    );

    // Enqueue main theme stylesheet
    wp_enqueue_style( 
        'wpshout-style',
        get_stylesheet_uri()
    );
}
add_action( 'wp_enqueue_scripts', 'wpshout_scripts' );

// Register main navigation menu
function wpshout_register_menu( ) {
    register_nav_menu( 'main-nav', 'Main Nav' );
}
add_action( 'init', 'wpshout_register_menu' );

The remainder of the chapter will look at each piece of the code above.

CREATING GLOBALLY AVAILABLE FUNCTIONS

functions.php is where to add functions that alter how WordPress runs on all page loads.

functions.php is where you’ll add functions that alter how WordPress runs on every page load. We’re doing a couple of those in the snippet above:

Adding Featured Image Support and Custom Image Sizes

// Add support for featured images and image sizes
add_theme_support( 'post-thumbnails' ); 
add_image_size( 'featured-image-large', 640, 294, true );
add_image_size( 'featured-image-small', 200, 129, true );
add_image_size( 'featured-image-tiny', 124, 80, true );

This first block uses a WordPress function called add_theme_support() to tell WordPress that the theme will be using featured images.

Next, the block uses another WordPress function called add_image_size() to register three special image sizes we define: featured-image-largefeatured-image-small, and featured-image-tiny. Every time we upload a new image to the site, WordPress will now generate resized versions of that image with the dimensions we’ve specified: 640px wide by 294px tall, and so on.

Registering a New Navigation Menu Area

// Register main navigation menu
function wpshout_register_menu( ) {
    register_nav_menu( 'main-nav', 'Main Nav' );
}
add_action( 'init', 'wpshout_register_menu' );

This block uses a WordPress function, register_nav_menu(), to register a new navigation menu. This function call is wrapped in another function which we’ve written: wpshout_register_menu(). To do the registering, we use the WordPress function add_action() to hook wpshout_register_menu() onto a WordPress action hook called init.

Don’t worry too much about that terminology right now: we’ll explain it in WordPress Hooks, Actions, and Filters: What They Do and How They Work. What it means is that wpshout_register_menu() will now run every time WordPress runs its init process—which WordPress does near the beginning of every webpage load.

So we’re able to make wpshout_register_menu() run toward the beginning of every webpage load. And what does wpshout_register_menu() do? It uses register_nav_menu() to register—cause WordPress to know about—a new navigation menu area titled “Main Nav.”

LOADING GLOBALLY NEEDED RESOURCES

functions.php is where you register globally needed JavaScript files and CSS stylesheets.

In WordPress, functions.php is also where you load in resources that you’ll need across the site. This means, most prominently, custom CSS stylesheets and JavaScript files—which you load by enqueue-ing them.

// Scripts and styles
add_action( 'wp_enqueue_scripts', 'wpshout_scripts' );
function wpshout_scripts( ) {
    // JS that gives the search box a default value
    wp_enqueue_script( 
        'search-box-value',
        get_stylesheet_directory_uri() . '/js/search-box-value.js',
        array( 'jquery' )
    );

    // JS that sets a dynamic page minimum height
    wp_enqueue_script( 
        'page-min-height',
        get_stylesheet_directory_uri() . '/js/page-min-height.js',
        array( 'jquery' )
    );

    // Load main stylesheet
    wp_enqueue_style( 
        'wpshout-style',
        get_stylesheet_uri()
    );
}

Again, this block looks complicated if you don’t understand WordPress hooks and the wp_enqueue_() functions, but it boils down to the following statement: “On every page, we want to load the files search-box-value.jspage-min-height.js, and the theme’s own style.css,” plus instructions for how to find those files.

With this code in place, when you load a webpage on the site, all three of those files load right along with it, and their functionality will change how the webpage looks and acts.

Now You Get the Fundamentals of functions.php

We’ve covered the core principles of how functions.php works within WordPress theme development. If you just got hit with a lot of PHP functions you didn’t understand, don’t worry: that’s exactly where we’re headed! The key point is that functions.php adds presentational functionality of all kinds to your theme, and you now understand how.

Anjali Punjab
Cheap Orchard 1.10 Hosting Recommendation

Cheap and Reliable nopCommerce 4.40.4 Hosting Recommendation

Cheap and Reliable nopCommerce 4.40.4 Hosting Recommendation

Best ASP.NET Hosting – ASPHostPortal VS WinHost

nopCommerce is an open source ecommerce software that contains both a catalog frontend and an administration tool backend. nopCommerce is a fully customizable shopping cart. It’s stable and highly usable. From downloads to documentation, nopCommerce.com offers a comprehensive base of information, resources, and support to the nopCommerce community.

nopCommerce is open-source ecommerce solution. It’s stable and highly usable. nopCommerce is an open source ecommerce solution that is ASP.NET (MVC) based with a MS SQL 2008 (or higher) backend database. It has been downloaded more than 1.5 million times! Our easy-to-use shopping cart solution is uniquely suited for merchants that have outgrown existing systems, and may be hosted with your current web host or our hosting partners. It has everything you need to get started in selling physical and digital goods over the internet. nopCommerce offers unprecedented flexibility and control.

What is New in nopCommerce 4.40.4?

This is a minor release that is fully compatible with the previous version (4.40.0-4.40.3). So all third-party plugins for 4.40 work for all minor versions (4.40.0-4.40.4). It contains several bug fixes and a new PayPal Commerce plugin.

Highlight features:

  • #4824 PayPal Commerce plugin. Actually it’s the PayPal Smart Payment Buttons plugin with onboarding functionality.

Bugs:

  • #5556 Temp tables connection leak
  • #5645 Customer cached by CustomerGuid is not removed from cache when it should be
  • #5650 Incorrect product sorting when default ‘ProductSortingEnum’ value is used
  • #5684 ShipStation Invalid XML
  • #5689 Latest products never show up on page “newproducts” when setting is lower than “new” products
  • #5553 VisibleIndividually option ignored
  • #5683 Available start/end dates should be ignored in admin panel
  • #5730 Pre-order availability date message should not show for passed date
  • #5662 When you update “Requires coupon code” field of a discount you have to manually clear cache to see the changes
  • #5540 Azure Blob Storage error
  • #5699 Bundles do not take stock qty into consideration correctly
  • #5636 Topics in popups ignore a password
  • #5728 Mysql exception: Expression #1 of ORDER BY clause is not in SELECT list, references column ‘dbName.item.CreatedOnUtc’ which is not in SELECT list; this is incompatible with DISTINCT
  • #5632 Allow users to select unavailable product attribute values
  • #5711 GetProductAttributeCombinationBySku method shouldn’t return combination for deleted product
  • #5735 Fix name of the “back to” button for IWidgetPlugin
  • #5595 Reward Point Balance wrong
  • #5748 DB download button is non http
  • #5517 PayPal Smart Payment Buttons. Rounding problem

Are you looking for Cheap and Reliable nopCommerce 4.40.4 Hosting? Finding a high quality Cheap and Reliable nopCommerce 4.40.4 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your nopCommerce 4.40.4 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Cheap and Reliable nopCommerce 4.40.4 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap nopCommerce 4.40.4 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable nopCommerce 4.40.4 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

Cheap and Reliable nopCommerce 4.40.4 Hosting Recommendation

 

logo-asphostportal1
discountservice-icon
logo-ukwindowshostaspnet
ASPHostPortal DiscountService.biz UKWindowsHostASP.NET
$1.00/month $2.00/month £3.00/month
Host 1 Site Host 1 Site Host 5 Sites
1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space
10 GB Bandwidth 10 GB Bandwidth 20 GB Bandwidth
Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool
Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains
30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back
Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET
Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel
Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012
SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014
Latest MySql version Latest MySql version Latest MySql version

How to Choose Cheap and Reliable nopCommerce 4.40.4 Hosting Recommendation

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like [email protected], etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab
Cheap Classic ASP Hosting Recommendation

Cheap and Reliable WordPress 5.8 Hosting

WordPress 5.8 Released With Nearly 300 New Features & Fixes

A major version upgrade of WordPress was released, version 5.8, containing nearly 300 improvements and new features WordPress 5.8 is rolling out right now and is available to all publishers. The new release is named after the innovative jazz musician, Art Tatum. It’s a fitting name for this new version of WordPress because it’s full of brand new features that makes it easier for publishers to innovate and express themselves creatively.

Support for Internet Explorer 11 Dropped

This is the release that drops support for Internet 11. IE 11 is a security risk. WordPress now becomes a leaner and faster content management system as it reduces the amount of code in the core.

Blocks

Blocks is a modern and updated way to edit the look and feel of WordPress. Editing with blocks has become a feature in bits and pieces across the WordPress system.

Widget Area Blocks

The blocks way to edit a site now is available in the Widget Area. The Widget section can now be fully edited with Blocks
“Now you can add blocks both in widget areas across your site and with live preview through the Customizer.”
WordPress notes elsewhere:
“This gives users powerful new ways to customise their sites using the rich library of core and third party blocks. Existing widgets and third party widgets will continue to work and can be used alongside blocks.”

Query Loop Block

This new feature gives publishers the ability to display posts based on custom criteria. For example, the display posts section can be limited to display posts from a selected category. WordPress compares it to a Latest Posts functionality but more powerful.

Edit Templates from the Post Screen

This new functionality allows a publisher to toggle from the post editing screen to a block-based page editing screen. This gives publishers more freedom to edit the template from the context of post editing where a publisher might decide that the post would be better if the template was edited to be different.
“Switch from editing your posts to editing your pages and back again, all while using a familiar block editor.”

List View

List View is a new way to look at the structure of a web page. Publishers can now toggle between the regular view and the List View to get an overview of all the blocs on the page being worked on. This can also allow a publisher to navigate to a specific block.

Pattern Transformations Tool

This is a feature that suggests block patterns. This feature is currently available in the Query Block and the Social Icon Block.

Duotone Filters

This is a new design feature that allows a publisher to colorize images or videos. It’s a way to add more creative flair to a page. WordPress describes it as a black and white filter where the black and the white can be replaced by any colors for the shadows and the highlights.

Theme.json Global Styles and Global Settings APIs

This is a huge change that provides more control of the look and feel of a website. It allows theme developers and publishers to change the default style elements of web pages. According to WordPress:
“This configuration file enables or disables features and sets default styles for both a website and blocks.”
In another article specifically about the the new Theme.json feature, WordPress explains it like this:
“By creating a theme.json file in the theme’s top-level directory, themes can configure the existing editor settings (the font sizes preset, whether custom colors are enabled, etc.) as well as the new ones as they are introduced (the duotone preset, whether margin and padding controls are enabled, etc.).”
One of the goals of the new theme.json file is to make the handling of CSS more efficient. According WordPress:
“The theme.json file absorbs most of the common use cases for styling blocks with the goal of reducing the amount of CSS shipped to the browser, mitigating specificity wars, and providing current style info in the UI controls for users. This is the first step in having a mechanism that consolidates all the three origins of styles (core, theme, user) and that will become more important once users can provide global styles in later phases of the project.”

Support for WebP

WebP is a new generation image format that can display images at lower images sizes. WordPress support for the WebP format  allows publishers to create websites that download faster. That’s a win for publishers and site visitors. According to WordPress:
“From WordPress version 5.8 forward, you can upload and use WebP images in WordPress like you would a JPEG or PNG image today (as long as your hosting service supports WebP). Switching to the WebP format for your images will improve your site’s performance and your site visitor’s experience. “

Make Better Websites with WordPress

The total amount of changes runs to nearly 300 bug fixes, new features and improvements.
“5.8 offers so much more! Over 170 bugs, 96 enhancements and feature requests, and 24 blessed tasks have been marked as fixed in WordPress 5.8.”
WordPress 5.8 represents a leap forward toward modernizing the content management system. It empowers publishers who don’t know how to code to make changes to how the web page looks without having to know the code. The latest version of WordPress makes it easier for publishers to express themselves creatively. Some may decide to wait a few days before updating in case of bugs. But WordPress thoroughly tests each release so it may be safe to update now. The release methodology includes testing consecutively improved versions the release until the developers feel it’s ready to be used.

Important Considerations with this release…

I always hold off on major releases (5.7vs. 5.6.X) to see if there are any bugs once the software is out in the wild. If you remember, 5.5.2 had an immediate release the very next day due to unanticipated issues and 5.6 caused older sites that had not kept up to break.

Are you looking for Cheap WordPress 5.8 Hosting? Finding a high quality Cheap WordPress 5.8 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your WordPress 5.8 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Cheap WordPress 5.8 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap WordPress 5.8 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable WordPress 5.8 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

Cheap and Reliable WordPress 5.8 Hosting

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ASPHostPortal DiscountService.biz UKWindowsHostASP.NET
$1.00/month $2.00/month £3.00/month
Host 1 Site Host 1 Site Host 5 Sites
1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space
10 GB Bandwidth 10 GB Bandwidth 20 GB Bandwidth
Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool
Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains
30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back
Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET
Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel
Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012
SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014
Latest MySql version Latest MySql version Latest MySql version

How to Choose Cheap and Reliable WordPress 5.8 Hosting?

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like [email protected], etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab
Cheap and Reliable WordPress 4.4.2 Hosting

How to Connect to MySQL from Windows Command Line

MySQL is a popular and open-source relational database application. Therefore, many servers make use of MySQL. The way you access the database depends on the operating system from which you are working.

This guide walks you through using the Windows Command line to connect to a MySQL database.

Starting MySQL from the Windows Command Line

Step 1: How to Open a Windows Command Prompt

Start by opening the Run command box in Windows. Use the keyboard shortcut – hold the Windows (super) key and press the letter R (Win+R).

Then, type in cmd and press Enter. This command opens the Windows command line.

open windows command prompt

A black command line interface should launch, with white text and a cursor for you to type.

windows command line interface

Step 2: Verify MySQL is Running on Windows

Next, run the command to display a list of all the services that are currently running. Enter the following in the command prompt:

net start
net start windows command line

If MySQL is not on the list, you can start it using the Services panel. Enter the following command:

services.msc

A new window will launch and display the list of services available on your system. Scroll down to find MySQL, and check the status column. Left-click the MySQL service to highlight it, then right-click to open a context menu. Finally, left-click on start.

Step 3: Connect to a Local MySQL Server

First, start MySQL in Windows using the following command:

mysql.exe -u[username] -p

Replace [username] with the username for your MySQL installation.

Enter mysql.exe -uroot -p, and MySQL will launch using the root user.

MySQL will prompt you for your password. Enter the password from the user account you specified with the –u tag, and you’ll connect to the MySQL server.

Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or g.
Your MySQL connection id is 2
Server version: 5.7.11-log MySQL Community Server (GPL)

The command prompt changes to look like this:

mysql>

Change to the MySQL folder, use the cd command:

cd c:\Program Files\MySQL

The command prompt should change to mysql> letting you know you’re currently in the MySQL folder.

To list the contents of this folder:

dir

This lists the contents of the current folder. One of the folders will display the version number of your MySQL installation.

For example, if you’ve installed MySQL 5.5, you should see a folder named “MySQL Server 5.5”.

Step: 4 Create Windows Shortcut to Login to MySQL

  1. To create a shortcut in Windows, enter the following in the command line:
notepad
  1. Open the Windows Notepad text editor with the command:
cmd /K “C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server X.X\bin\mysql.exe” -uroot -ppassword

Replace -uroot with -u[username] if you have a different username, and -ppassword with -p[YourActualPassword].

Also, make sure you change the path from MySQL Server X.X to the actual folder location.

  1. Now, press Ctrl-S to launch a Save dialog.
  1. Then, type “mysql.bat” in the name field, and change the location to your desktop (or another place that’s easy to find).

This creates a small Windows executable file that you can double-click to log into MySQL using the specified username and password.

Conclusion

With the help of this simple guide, you should be able to connect to a MySQL database using the Windows command prompt. Once you’ve logged into the MySQL server, the commands will be the same regardless of what kind of system you’re running on.

Anjali Punjab
Cheap Umbraco 7.4.1 Hosting Recommendation

Cheap and Reliable ASP.NET Core 6.0 Hosting Recommendation

Microsoft has renamed its next-generation web application framework ASP.NET Core 6.0, previously known as ASP.NET 5. In addition, the forthcoming Entity Framework 7, a database framework, will now be called ASP.NET Core 6.0.

Entity Framework Core 6.0 (EF Core) is Microsoft’s reboot of Entity Framework for the new “mobile first, cloud first” world. According to the roadmap, EF Core will become the official version at some point in the future when the team feels that they have a critical mass of important ORM features implemented. Entity Framework is Microsoft’s recommended data access technology for new applications.

.Net Framework is 17 years old and there are millions of apps built on it, by using every chunk of the functionality that Microsoft has ever incorporated. The weight of all of these apps makes .Net Framework incredibly heavy. Hence, the scope to innovate the .Net Framework is diminishing. Further, .Net Core has turned up a few years ago. At the time, it appeared as a younger brother of the .Net framework to attract Linux and Mac users. The recent announcement about the arrival of .Net Core 3 promises to bridge the gap with the latest version of .Net Framework, empowering WPF, Windows Form and Entity Framework 6. Alongside these two versions of .Net – .Net Framework and .Net Core, Microsoft made a huge announcement about the release of .Net 5 – the future of .Net. The announcement added that there would be .Net 5 that is Opensource and Cross-platform, which will replace .Net Framework, .Net Core and Xamarin with a single unified platform called .Net 5 Framework. .Net 5 - A Unified Platform As shown above, .Net 5 will be powered with the best features of the .Net Framework, .Net Core, Mono, and Xamarin to provide APIs, libraries, and run-time to create apps for Web, Windows, Mobile & IoT devices. The main goal of .Net 5 is to empower unified .Net Client Application projects to create deliverables for various platforms including Windows, UNIX, Linux, Legacy Windows, iOS, Driod, HTML5, and Macintosh. With the announcement of .Net 5, we realized that Microsoft is skipping .Net 4 to avoid mix-up with the .Net Framework versions. Then the .Net 5 will be accompanied by the .Net versions like .Net 6.0, .Net 7.0 & .Net 8.0. This will not happen overnight. Microsoft .Net team has announced the timeline for these versions as shown below:.Net Schedule Source: Microsoft

.Net 5 Moves ahead with .Net Core

.Net 5 will offer everything that you would expect from the .Net core while making it suitable for Mobile and IoT platform development. With these new updates, developers will no longer need to choose between .Net Core, .Net Framework and Mono, based on which platform they’re developing their applications. As the first step in that direction, the .Net 5 ensures to incorporate the best of .Net core functionalities:
  • Cross-platform implementation with any device
  • Supports all key platform features for .Net core, Xamarin, .Net Framework
  • Open Source & Community-Oriented
  • Fast, Scalable, and high performance
  • Support with future updates to Visual Studio Code, Visual Studio 2019, Command Line Interface and Visual Studio for Mac.
  • Support for platform-specific features like Windows Forms, & WPF on Windows
  • Side-by-side installation
  • Smarter Deployment & packages
  • Small Project Files
Besides these features, .Net 5 promises the three new major supports for developers:.Net 5 Feature For Developers These updates would ensure a single unified .Net framework and runtime for everything, including Mac, Web, Mobile, IoT, Gaming, Data Science, Machine Learning and Cloud.

Other Vital Features to Highlight

As Microsoft resolves the kinks on the latest version of .Net, the .Net 5 will feature new .Net APIs, desktop development, runtime capabilities, language features and many more.

1. Desktop Development with .Net 5

Microsoft is fetching Windows Desktop Packs to support desktop apps, which works only on Windows. .Net 5 will come up with all key desktop development functionalities and libraries. Xamarin, WPF, Windows Forms and UWP (Universal Windows Platform) are the four key desktop platforms. The porting of Windows desktop app into .Net doesn’t change the .Net Core architecture, but adds some additional benefits including Core Runtime & API Performance enhancement, and deployment flexibility. .Net 5 also supports some major sub-framework for desktop development like Entity Framework, GDI+, LINQ, and ADO.Net.

2. Mobile Development with .Net

.Net 5 will continue to build cross-platform mobile apps for Android, iOS, tvOS, macOS, and watchOS platforms using Xamarin. Xamarin is supported by the Mono runtime and it offers a set of programming languages, developers’ tools and libraries. Xamarin uses XAML as the major UI programming language and C# as the backend language.

3. Cloud Development with .NET 5

Azure app development will be one among the major functionalities of .Net 5. With the release of the latest version of .Net, developers will continue to develop software with Azure. Azure Cloud development encompasses a mix of tools and frameworks, including Web API, ASP.Net, Serverless computing, Azure databases, Docker containers, microservices, DevOps and more.

4. Game Development with .Net 5

.Net 5 and Visual Studio 2019 will support Unity, a vital part of .Net gaming to develop games for mobile, Xbox and other gaming platforms.

5. Runtime and Language with .Net 5

.Net 5 will provide the developers with the choice of runtimes between CoreCLR and Mono. CoreCLR is the .Net core runtime used for Windows desktop, IOT, machine learning, and Cloud applications. Mono is a well-known Cross-platform .Net implementation, an open source alternative to .Net frameworks. Both Mono and CoreCLR include many similarities and some valuable unique capabilities. Additionally, .Net 5 will come up with AoT(Ahead-of-Time) and JIT (Just-in-Time) compilation models. JIT has proven its enhanced performance for server/desktop workloads as well as the development environment. On the other hand, AoT possesses a small footprint, fast startup, and lower memory usage.

Are you looking for Best ASP.NET Core 6.0 Hosting? Finding a high quality Best ASP.NET Core 6.0 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your ASP.NET Core 6.0 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Best ASP.NET Core 6.0 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap ASP.NET Core 6.0 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable ASP.NET Core 6.0 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

Best ASP.NET Core 6.0 / EF Core 6.0 Hosting Recommendation

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logo-hostforlife

logo-ukwindowshostaspnet
ASPHostPortal HostForLIFEASP.NET UKWindowsHostASP.NET
$1.0.10/month €6.00/month £6.00/month
Host 1 Site Host Unlimited Site Host 5 Sites
1 GB Disk Space Unlimited Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space
10 GB Bandwidth Unlimited Bandwidth 20 GB Bandwidth
Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool
Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains
30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back
Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET
Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel
Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012
SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014
Latest MySql version Latest MySql version Latest MySql version

How to Choose Cheap ASP.NET Core 6.0 Hosting Recommendation

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like [email protected], etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab
Cheap and Reliable WordPress 4.4.2 Hosting

Best Joomla 3.9.28 Hosting Recommendation

Joomla is one of the most popular free content management systems (CMS) in the world that allows you to easily create and manage a dynamic website. It has an intuitive management interface to control all the features and functionality this powerful CMS possesses. Furthermore, there are hundreds of free extensions written for Joomla that allows users to extend its functionality and customize it to their own objectives. Joomla Content Management System is supported by a large and friendly community where newbies could really rely on assistance from more experienced members.

The Joomla Web CMS is considered to be a popular choice for many types of websites, including corporate sites, news or blogs, government applications, small business sites and sites where secure logins are required. The ecosystem of Joomla developers and users provide products and services to the Joomla community which has more than one-half million members and more than 20,000 developers.

Joomla! 3.9.28 is now available. The Joomla! Project and the Production Leadership Team are proud to announce the release of Joomla! 3.9.28 as the latest in the 3.x series. Introducing 34 new features, including support for the recently released PHP 7 scripting language, which significantly increases web site speed.

Joomla 3.9.28

Joomla 3.9.28 is now available. This is a security release for the 3.x series of Joomla which addresses 5 security vulnerabilities and contains 15 bug fixes and improvements.

What’s in 3.9.28?

Joomla 3.9.28 includes 5 security vulnerability fixes and addresses several bugs, including:

Security Issues Fixed

  • [20210701] Low Severity – Low Impact – XSS in JForm Rules field (affecting Joomla! 3.0.0 through 3.9.27)
  • [20210702] Low Severity – Low Impact – DoS through usergroup table manipulation (affecting Joomla! 2.5.0 through 3.9.27)
  • [20210703] Low Severity – Moderate Impact – Lack of enforced session termination (affecting Joomla! 2.5.0 through 3.9.27)
  • [20210704] Low Severity – High Impact – Privilege escalation through com_installer (affecting Joomla! 2.5.0 through 3.9.27)
  • [20210705] Low Severity – Moderate Impact – XSS in com_media imagelist (affecting Joomla! 3.0.0 through 3.9.27)

Bug fixes and Improvements

  • Update CA certificates #34693
  • Smart Search: Fix inserting tokens to DB #34497
  • Fix search suggestions for mixed-case searches #33942

Are you looking for Best Joomla 3.9.28 Hosting? Finding a high quality Best Joomla 3.9.28 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your Joomla 3.9.28 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Best Joomla 3.9.28 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap Joomla 3.9.28 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable Joomla 3.9.28 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

Best Joomla 3.9.28 Hosting Recommendation

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ASPHostPortal HostForLIFEASP.NET UKWindowsHostASP.NET
$1.00/month €3.00/month £3.00/month
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10 GB Bandwidth Unlimited Bandwidth 20 GB Bandwidth
Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool
Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains
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Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012
SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014
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How to Choose Cheap Joomla 3.9.28 Hosting Recommendation

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like [email protected], etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab
Cheap Classic ASP Hosting Recommendation

Create a Joomla Module Showing All Articles With a Specific Tag

Joomla tags can be your best option for organizing your content. You can even consider Tags to be better than categories. A Joomla article can belong only to one category. A Joomla article can be associated with as many tags as you want. Joomla tags also work across extensions. If you create a Content Category, you can only use that with articles. However, tags work with Content, Contacts, News Feeds, and multiple other extensions.

In this tutorial, I am going to show you how to create a module showing all the content that has a particular Joomla tag. This process is a litte confusing, but the end result can be very helpful.

  • Go to Extensions > Modules.
  • Click New.
  • Click “Articles – Category”:

  • Click on the “Filtering Options” tab:

  • There is now a “Tags” field present.
  • You can now publish this module, and it will show all your articles (and contact forms, news feeds etc) that are using this tag.

You are going to have lots of options for displaying this module, particularly under the “Display Options” tab.

Once you’ve created your module, publish it on your site and you’ll have a very useful new module:

Anjali Punjab
Best Joomla 3.5 Hosting Recommendation

Cheap Git 2.32.0 Hosting Provider Recommendation

Cheap Git 2.32.0 Hosting Recommendation

Best Joomla 3.5 Hosting Recommendation

Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency. Git is easy to learn and has a tiny footprint with lightning fast performance. It outclasses SCM tools like Subversion, CVS, Perforce, and ClearCase with features like cheap local branching, convenient staging areas, and multiple workflows.

What’s New on Git 2.32.0?

Git 2.32 Release Notes
======================

Backward compatibility notes
----------------------------

 * ".gitattributes", ".gitignore", and ".mailmap" files that are
   symbolic links are ignored.

 * "git apply --3way" used to first attempt a straight application,
   and only fell back to the 3-way merge algorithm when the stright
   application failed.  Starting with this version, the command will
   first try the 3-way merge algorithm and only when it fails (either
   resulting with conflict or the base versions of blobs are missing),
   falls back to the usual patch application.


Updates since v2.31
-------------------

UI, Workflows & Features

 * It does not make sense to make ".gitattributes", ".gitignore" and
   ".mailmap" symlinks, as they are supposed to be usable from the
   object store (think: bare repositories where HEAD:.mailmap etc. are
   used).  When these files are symbolic links, we used to read the
   contents of the files pointed by them by mistake, which has been
   corrected.

 * "git stash show" learned to optionally show untracked part of the
   stash.

 * "git log --format='...'" learned "%(describe)" placeholder.

 * "git repack" so far has been only capable of repacking everything
   under the sun into a single pack (or split by size).  A cleverer
   strategy to reduce the cost of repacking a repository has been
   introduced.

 * The http codepath learned to let the credential layer to cache the
   password used to unlock a certificate that has successfully been
   used.

 * "git commit --fixup=<commit>", which was to tweak the changes made
   to the contents while keeping the original log message intact,
   learned "--fixup=(amend|reword):<commit>", that can be used to
   tweak both the message and the contents, and only the message,
   respectively.

 * "git send-email" learned to honor the core.hooksPath configuration.

 * "git format-patch -v<n>" learned to allow a reroll count that is
   not an integer.

 * "git commit" learned "--trailer <key>[=<value>]" option; together
   with the interpret-trailers command, this will make it easier to
   support custom trailers.

 * "git clone --reject-shallow" option fails the clone as soon as we
   notice that we are cloning from a shallow repository.

 * A configuration variable has been added to force tips of certain
   refs to be given a reachability bitmap.

 * "gitweb" learned "e-mail privacy" feature to redact strings that
   look like e-mail addresses on various pages.

 * "git apply --3way" has always been "to fall back to 3-way merge
   only when straight application fails". Swap the order of falling
   back so that 3-way is always attempted first (only when the option
   is given, of course) and then straight patch application is used as
   a fallback when it fails.

 * "git apply" now takes "--3way" and "--cached" at the same time, and
   work and record results only in the index.

 * The command line completion (in contrib/) has learned that
   CHERRY_PICK_HEAD is a possible pseudo-ref.

 * Userdiff patterns for "Scheme" has been added.

 * "git log" learned "--diff-merges=<style>" option, with an
   associated configuration variable log.diffMerges.

 * "git log --format=..." placeholders learned %ah/%ch placeholders to
   request the --date=human output.

 * Replace GIT_CONFIG_NOSYSTEM mechanism to decline from reading the
   system-wide configuration file with GIT_CONFIG_SYSTEM that lets
   users specify from which file to read the system-wide configuration
   (setting it to an empty file would essentially be the same as
   setting NOSYSTEM), and introduce GIT_CONFIG_GLOBAL to override the
   per-user configuration in $HOME/.gitconfig.

 * "git add" and "git rm" learned not to touch those paths that are
   outside of sparse checkout.

 * "git rev-list" learns the "--filter=object:type=<type>" option,
   which can be used to exclude objects of the given kind from the
   packfile generated by pack-objects.

 * The command line completion (in contrib/) for "git stash" has been
   updated.

 * "git subtree" updates.

 * It is now documented that "format-patch" skips merges.

 * Options to "git pack-objects" that take numeric values like
   --window and --depth should not accept negative values; the input
   validation has been tightened.

 * The way the command line specified by the trailer.<token>.command
   configuration variable receives the end-user supplied value was
   both error prone and misleading.  An alternative to achieve the
   same goal in a safer and more intuitive way has been added, as
   the trailer.<token>.cmd configuration variable, to replace it.

 * "git add -i --dry-run" does not dry-run, which was surprising.  The
   combination of options has taught to error out.

 * "git push" learns to discover common ancestor with the receiving
   end over protocol v2.  This will hopefully make "git push" as
   efficient as "git fetch" in avoiding objects from getting
   transferred unnecessarily.

 * "git mailinfo" (hence "git am") learned the "--quoted-cr" option to
   control how lines ending with CRLF wrapped in base64 or qp are
   handled.


Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.

 * Rename detection rework continues.

 * GIT_TEST_FAIL_PREREQS is a mechanism to skip test pieces with
   prerequisites to catch broken tests that depend on the side effects
   of optional pieces, but did not work at all when negative
   prerequisites were involved.
   (merge 27d578d904 jk/fail-prereq-testfix later to maint).

 * "git diff-index" codepath has been taught to trust fsmonitor status
   to reduce number of lstat() calls.
   (merge 7e5aa13d2c nk/diff-index-fsmonitor later to maint).

 * Reorganize Makefile to allow building git.o and other essential
   objects without extra stuff needed only for testing.

 * Preparatory API changes for parallel checkout.

 * A simple IPC interface gets introduced to build services like
   fsmonitor on top.

 * Fsck API clean-up.

 * SECURITY.md that is facing individual contributors and end users
   has been introduced.  Also a procedure to follow when preparing
   embargoed releases has been spelled out.
   (merge 09420b7648 js/security-md later to maint).

 * Optimize "rev-list --use-bitmap-index --objects" corner case that
   uses negative tags as the stopping points.

 * CMake update for vsbuild.

 * An on-disk reverse-index to map the in-pack location of an object
   back to its object name across multiple packfiles is introduced.

 * Generate [ec]tags under $(QUIET_GEN).

 * Clean-up codepaths that implements "git send-email --validate"
   option and improves the message from it.

 * The last remnant of gettext-poison has been removed.

 * The test framework has been taught to optionally turn the default
   merge strategy to "ort" throughout the system where we use
   three-way merges internally, like cherry-pick, rebase etc.,
   primarily to enhance its test coverage (the strategy has been
   available as an explicit "-s ort" choice).

 * A bit of code clean-up and a lot of test clean-up around userdiff
   area.

 * Handling of "promisor packs" that allows certain objects to be
   missing and lazily retrievable has been optimized (a bit).

 * When packet_write() fails, we gave an extra error message
   unnecessarily, which has been corrected.

 * The checkout machinery has been taught to perform the actual
   write-out of the files in parallel when able.

 * Show errno in the trace output in the error codepath that calls
   read_raw_ref method.

 * Effort to make the command line completion (in contrib/) safe with
   "set -u" continues.

 * Tweak a few tests for "log --format=..." that show timestamps in
   various formats.

 * The reflog expiry machinery has been taught to emit trace events.

 * Over-the-wire protocol learns a new request type to ask for object
   sizes given a list of object names.


Fixes since v2.31
-----------------

 * The fsmonitor interface read from its input without making sure
   there is something to read from.  This bug is new in 2.31
   timeframe.

 * The data structure used by fsmonitor interface was not properly
   duplicated during an in-core merge, leading to use-after-free etc.

 * "git bisect" reimplemented more in C during 2.30 timeframe did not
   take an annotated tag as a good/bad endpoint well.  This regression
   has been corrected.

 * Fix macros that can silently inject unintended null-statements.

 * CALLOC_ARRAY() macro replaces many uses of xcalloc().

 * Update insn in Makefile comments to run fuzz-all target.

 * Fix a corner case bug in "git mv" on case insensitive systems,
   which was introduced in 2.29 timeframe.

 * We had a code to diagnose and die cleanly when a required
   clean/smudge filter is missing, but an assert before that
   unnecessarily fired, hiding the end-user facing die() message.
   (merge 6fab35f748 mt/cleanly-die-upon-missing-required-filter later to maint).

 * Update C code that sets a few configuration variables when a remote
   is configured so that it spells configuration variable names in the
   canonical camelCase.
   (merge 0f1da600e6 ab/remote-write-config-in-camel-case later to maint).

 * A new configuration variable has been introduced to allow choosing
   which version of the generation number gets used in the
   commit-graph file.
   (merge 702110aac6 ds/commit-graph-generation-config later to maint).

 * Perf test update to work better in secondary worktrees.
   (merge 36e834abc1 jk/perf-in-worktrees later to maint).

 * Updates to memory allocation code around the use of pcre2 library.
   (merge c1760352e0 ab/grep-pcre2-allocfix later to maint).

 * "git -c core.bare=false clone --bare ..." would have segfaulted,
   which has been corrected.
   (merge 75555676ad bc/clone-bare-with-conflicting-config later to maint).

 * When "git checkout" removes a path that does not exist in the
   commit it is checking out, it wasn't careful enough not to follow
   symbolic links, which has been corrected.
   (merge fab78a0c3d mt/checkout-remove-nofollow later to maint).

 * A few option description strings started with capital letters,
   which were corrected.
   (merge 5ee90326dc cc/downcase-opt-help later to maint).

 * Plug or annotate remaining leaks that trigger while running the
   very basic set of tests.
   (merge 68ffe095a2 ah/plugleaks later to maint).

 * The hashwrite() API uses a buffering mechanism to avoid calling
   write(2) too frequently. This logic has been refactored to be
   easier to understand.
   (merge ddaf1f62e3 ds/clarify-hashwrite later to maint).

 * "git cherry-pick/revert" with or without "--[no-]edit" did not spawn
   the editor as expected (e.g. "revert --no-edit" after a conflict
   still asked to edit the message), which has been corrected.
   (merge 39edfd5cbc en/sequencer-edit-upon-conflict-fix later to maint).

 * "git daemon" has been tightened against systems that take backslash
   as directory separator.
   (merge 9a7f1ce8b7 rs/daemon-sanitize-dir-sep later to maint).

 * A NULL-dereference bug has been corrected in an error codepath in
   "git for-each-ref", "git branch --list" etc.
   (merge c685450880 jk/ref-filter-segfault-fix later to maint).

 * Streamline the codepath to fix the UTF-8 encoding issues in the
   argv[] and the prefix on macOS.
   (merge c7d0e61016 tb/precompose-prefix-simplify later to maint).

 * The command-line completion script (in contrib/) had a couple of
   references that would have given a warning under the "-u" (nounset)
   option.
   (merge c5c0548d79 vs/completion-with-set-u later to maint).

 * When "git pack-objects" makes a literal copy of a part of existing
   packfile using the reachability bitmaps, its update to the progress
   meter was broken.
   (merge 8e118e8490 jk/pack-objects-bitmap-progress-fix later to maint).

 * The dependencies for config-list.h and command-list.h were broken
   when the former was split out of the latter, which has been
   corrected.
   (merge 56550ea718 sg/bugreport-fixes later to maint).

 * "git push --quiet --set-upstream" was not quiet when setting the
   upstream branch configuration, which has been corrected.
   (merge f3cce896a8 ow/push-quiet-set-upstream later to maint).

 * The prefetch task in "git maintenance" assumed that "git fetch"
   from any remote would fetch all its local branches, which would
   fetch too much if the user is interested in only a subset of
   branches there.
   (merge 32f67888d8 ds/maintenance-prefetch-fix later to maint).

 * Clarify that pathnames recorded in Git trees are most often (but
   not necessarily) encoded in UTF-8.
   (merge 9364bf465d ab/pathname-encoding-doc later to maint).

 * "git --config-env var=val cmd" weren't accepted (only
   --config-env=var=val was).
   (merge c331551ccf ps/config-env-option-with-separate-value later to maint).

 * When the reachability bitmap is in effect, the "do not lose
   recently created objects and those that are reachable from them"
   safety to protect us from races were disabled by mistake, which has
   been corrected.
   (merge 2ba582ba4c jk/prune-with-bitmap-fix later to maint).

 * Cygwin pathname handling fix.
   (merge bccc37fdc7 ad/cygwin-no-backslashes-in-paths later to maint).

 * "git rebase --[no-]reschedule-failed-exec" did not work well with
   its configuration variable, which has been corrected.
   (merge e5b32bffd1 ab/rebase-no-reschedule-failed-exec later to maint).

 * Portability fix for command line completion script (in contrib/).
   (merge f2acf763e2 si/zsh-complete-comment-fix later to maint).

 * "git repack -A -d" in a partial clone unnecessarily loosened
   objects in promisor pack.

 * "git bisect skip" when custom words are used for new/old did not
   work, which has been corrected.

 * A few variants of informational message "Already up-to-date" has
   been rephrased.
   (merge ad9322da03 js/merge-already-up-to-date-message-reword later to maint).

 * "git submodule update --quiet" did not propagate the quiet option
   down to underlying "git fetch", which has been corrected.
   (merge 62af4bdd42 nc/submodule-update-quiet later to maint).

 * Document that our test can use "local" keyword.
   (merge a84fd3bcc6 jc/test-allows-local later to maint).

 * The word-diff mode has been taught to work better with a word
   regexp that can match an empty string.
   (merge 0324e8fc6b pw/word-diff-zero-width-matches later to maint).

 * "git p4" learned to find branch points more efficiently.
   (merge 6b79818bfb jk/p4-locate-branch-point-optim later to maint).

 * When "git update-ref -d" removes a ref that is packed, it left
   empty directories under $GIT_DIR/refs/ for
   (merge 5f03e5126d wc/packed-ref-removal-cleanup later to maint).

 * "git clean" and "git ls-files -i" had confusion around working on
   or showing ignored paths inside an ignored directory, which has
   been corrected.
   (merge b548f0f156 en/dir-traversal later to maint).

 * The handling of "%(push)" formatting element of "for-each-ref" and
   friends was broken when the same codepath started handling
   "%(push:<what>)", which has been corrected.
   (merge 1e1c4c5eac zh/ref-filter-push-remote-fix later to maint).

 * The bash prompt script (in contrib/) did not work under "set -u".
   (merge 5c0cbdb107 en/prompt-under-set-u later to maint).

 * The "chainlint" feature in the test framework is a handy way to
   catch common mistakes in writing new tests, but tends to get
   expensive.  An knob to selectively disable it has been introduced
   to help running tests that the developer has not modified.
   (merge 2d86a96220 jk/test-chainlint-softer later to maint).

 * The "rev-parse" command did not diagnose the lack of argument to
   "--path-format" option, which was introduced in v2.31 era, which
   has been corrected.
   (merge 99fc555188 wm/rev-parse-path-format-wo-arg later to maint).

 * Other code cleanup, docfix, build fix, etc.
   (merge f451960708 dl/cat-file-doc-cleanup later to maint).
   (merge 12604a8d0c sv/t9801-test-path-is-file-cleanup later to maint).
   (merge ea7e63921c jr/doc-ignore-typofix later to maint).
   (merge 23c781f173 ps/update-ref-trans-hook-doc later to maint).
   (merge 42efa1231a jk/filter-branch-sha256 later to maint).
   (merge 4c8e3dca6e tb/push-simple-uses-branch-merge-config later to maint).
   (merge 6534d436a2 bs/asciidoctor-installation-hints later to maint).
   (merge 47957485b3 ab/read-tree later to maint).
   (merge 2be927f3d1 ab/diff-no-index-tests later to maint).
   (merge 76593c09bb ab/detox-gettext-tests later to maint).
   (merge 28e29ee38b jc/doc-format-patch-clarify later to maint).
   (merge fc12b6fdde fm/user-manual-use-preface later to maint).
   (merge dba94e3a85 cc/test-helper-bloom-usage-fix later to maint).
   (merge 61a7660516 hn/reftable-tables-doc-update later to maint).
   (merge 81ed96a9b2 jt/fetch-pack-request-fix later to maint).
   (merge 151b6c2dd7 jc/doc-do-not-capitalize-clarification later to maint).
   (merge 9160068ac6 js/access-nul-emulation-on-windows later to maint).
   (merge 7a14acdbe6 po/diff-patch-doc later to maint).
   (merge f91371b948 pw/patience-diff-clean-up later to maint).
   (merge 3a7f0908b6 mt/clean-clean later to maint).
   (merge d4e2d15a8b ab/streaming-simplify later to maint).
   (merge 0e59f7ad67 ah/merge-ort-i18n later to maint).
   (merge e6f68f62e0 ls/typofix later to maint).

Branching and Merging

The Git feature that really makes it stand apart from nearly every other SCM out there is its branching model.

Git allows and encourages you to have multiple local branches that can be entirely independent of each other. The creation, merging, and deletion of those lines of development takes seconds.

This means that you can do things like:

  • Frictionless Context Switching. Create a branch to try out an idea, commit a few times, switch back to where you branched from, apply a patch, switch back to where you are experimenting, and merge it in.
  • Role-Based Codelines. Have a branch that always contains only what goes to production, another that you merge work into for testing, and several smaller ones for day to day work.
  • Feature Based Workflow. Create new branches for each new feature you’re working on so you can seamlessly switch back and forth between them, then delete each branch when that feature gets merged into your main line.
  • Disposable Experimentation. Create a branch to experiment in, realize it’s not going to work, and just delete it – abandoning the work—with nobody else ever seeing it (even if you’ve pushed other branches in the meantime).

Small and Fast

Git is fast. With Git, nearly all operations are performed locally, giving it a huge speed advantage on centralized systems that constantly have to communicate with a server somewhere.

Git was built to work on the Linux kernel, meaning that it has had to effectively handle large repositories from day one. Git is written in C, reducing the overhead of runtimes associated with higher-level languages. Speed and performance has been a primary design goal of the Git from the start.

Benchmarks

Let’s see how common operations stack up against Subversion, a common centralized version control system that is similar to CVS or Perforce. Smaller is faster.

Distributed

One of the nicest features of any Distributed SCM, Git included, is that it’s distributed. This means that instead of doing a “checkout” of the current tip of the source code, you do a “clone” of the entire repository.

Multiple Backups

This means that even if you’re using a centralized workflow, every user essentially has a full backup of the main server. Each of these copies could be pushed up to replace the main server in the event of a crash or corruption. In effect, there is no single point of failure with Git unless there is only a single copy of the repository.

Any Workflow

Because of Git’s distributed nature and superb branching system, an almost endless number of workflows can be implemented with relative ease.

Subversion-Style Workflow

A centralized workflow is very common, especially from people transitioning from a centralized system. Git will not allow you to push if someone has pushed since the last time you fetched, so a centralized model where all developers push to the same server works just fine.

Data Assurance

The data model that Git uses ensures the cryptographic integrity of every bit of your project. Every file and commit is checksummed and retrieved by its checksum when checked back out. It’s impossible to get anything out of Git other than the exact bits you put in.

Staging Area

Unlike the other systems, Git has something called the “staging area” or “index”. This is an intermediate area where commits can be formatted and reviewed before completing the commit.

One thing that sets Git apart from other tools is that it’s possible to quickly stage some of your files and commit them without committing all of the other modified files in your working directory or having to list them on the command line during the commit.

Free and Open Source

Git is released under the GNU General Public License version 2.0, which is an open source license. The Git project chose to use GPLv2 to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software—to make sure the software is free for all its users.

Are you looking for Cheap Git 2.32.0 Hosting? Finding a high quality Cheap Git 2.32.0 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your Git 2.32.0 application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Cheap Git 2.32.0 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap Git 2.32.0 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable Git 2.32.0 Hosting so that every one can afford it.

Cheap Git 2.32.0 Hosting Recommendation

 

logo-asphostportal1
discountservice-icon
logo-ukwindowshostaspnet
ASPHostPortal DiscountService.biz UKWindowsHostASP.NET
$1.00/month $2.00/month £3.00/month
Host 1 Site Host 1 Site Host 5 Sites
1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space
10 GB Bandwidth 10 GB Bandwidth 20 GB Bandwidth
Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool
Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains
30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back
Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET
Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel
Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012
SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014
Latest MySql version Latest MySql version Latest MySql version

How to Choose Cheap Git 2.32.0 Hosting Recommendation?

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like [email protected], etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab
Windows ASP.NET Hosting Comparison - ASPHostPortal.com VS Webfusion VS HostMySite

Cheap and Reliable osCommerce v4 Hosting Recommendation

Cheap and Reliable osCommerce v4 Hosting Recommendation

Best ASP.NET Hosting – ASPHostPortal VS WinHost

osCommerce Online Merchant is a free feature-complete self-hosted online store solution that contains both a catalog frontend and an administration tool backend which can be easily installed and configured through a web-based installation procedure. It is released under the Open Source GNU General Public License and is available for free with absolutely no software costs, license fees, or usage limitations involved.

The success of osCommerce Online Merchant is secured by a dedicated team that focus on the core features and by an active community of store owners, developers, and service providers that focus on additional features. To date, the community has provided over 7,000 Add-Ons available for free that extend on the core feature set of osCommerce Online Merchant to meet the individual requirements of store owners.

osCommerce Online Merchant is built with the powerful PHP web scriping language and uses the fast MySQL database server for the online store data. The combination of PHP and MySQL allows osCommerce Online Merchant to run on any webserver environment that supports PHP and MySQL, which includes Linux, Solaris, BSD, Mac OS X, and Microsoft Windows environments.

osCommerce started in March 2000 and has since matured to a solution that is powering many hundreds and thousands of live shops around the world.

New management and osCommerce v4

osCommerce is under new management.

We thank Harald Ponce de Leon and the historical development team, wholeheartedly, for creating osCommerce and will now work hard to develop it into a modern successful Ecommerce platform.

osCommerce v4 is to be released in 2021!

osCommerce will continue being open source and FREE to use. There will be an opportunity for developers and designers to offer their commercial products (apps) and services in osCommerce Shop.

osCommerce v4 is about:

  • business growth for shop owners
  • new revenue streams for designers and developers
  • modern, powerful, and secure Ecommerce platform for small, medium, and large B2C and B2B businesses
  • API-based integration with 3rd parties
  • osCommerce that is easy to support, maintain, and upgrade
  • mobile and SEO friendly platform
  • smooth migration from osCommerce 2.x and other Ecommerce solutions

Are you looking for Cheap and Reliable osCommerce v4 Hosting? Finding a high quality Cheap and Reliable osCommerce v4 Hosting provider is crucial for your web application. Your osCommerce application can only run smooth if it will be hosted on a server which can provide a higher up time & plenty of computing resources. There’re thousands of web hosting providers which offer asp.net hosting, but choosing Cheap and Reliable osCommerce v4 Hosting provider is a time consuming task. To make your buying decision easy we’ve concluded 3 Best yet Cheap osCommerce v4 Hosting providers which are reliable and offer affordable osCommerce Hosting so that every one can afford it.

Cheap and Reliable osCommerce v4 Hosting Recommendation

 

logo-asphostportal1
discountservice-icon
logo-ukwindowshostaspnet
ASPHostPortal DiscountService.biz UKWindowsHostASP.NET
$1.00/month $2.00/month £3.00/month
Host 1 Site Host 1 Site Host 5 Sites
1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space 1 GB Disk Space
10 GB Bandwidth 10 GB Bandwidth 20 GB Bandwidth
Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool Dedicated Application Pool
Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains Support UTF-8 Domains
30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back 30-Days Money Back
Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET Latest ASP.NET
Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel Plesk Control Panel
Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012 Windows 2008/2012
SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014 SQL Server 2008/2012/2014
Latest MySql version Latest MySql version Latest MySql version

How to Choose Cheap and Reliable osCommerce v4 Hosting Recommendation

Reliability and Speed of Access

Not only should the web host be reliable and fast, it should guarantee its uptime (the time when it is functional). Look for a minimum uptime of 99%. In fact, even 99% is actually too low — it really should be 99.5% or higher. The host should provide some sort of refund (eg prorated refund or discount) if it falls below that figure. Note though that guarantees are often hard to enforce from your end — especially if the host denies there was any downtime. However, without that guarantee, the web host will have little incentive to ensure that its servers are running all the time.

Data Transfer (Traffic/Bandwidth)

Data transfer (sometimes loosely referred to as “traffic” or “bandwidth”) is the amount of bytes transferred from your site to visitors when they browse your site.

Don’t believe any commercial web host that advertises “unlimited bandwidth”. The host has to pay for the bandwidth, and if you consume a lot of it, they will not silently bear your costs. Many high bandwidth websites have found this out the hard way when they suddenly receive an exorbitant bill for having “exceeded” the “unlimited bandwidth”. Always look for details on how much traffic the package allows. I personally always stay clear of any host that advertises “unlimited transfer”, even if the exact amount is specified somewhere else (sometimes buried in their policy statements). Usually you will find that they redefine “unlimited” to be limited in some way.

In addition, while bandwidth provided is something you should always check, do not be unduly swayed by promises of incredibly huge amounts of bandwidth. Chances are that your website will never be able to use that amount because it will hit other limits, namely resource limits.

To give you a rough idea of the typical traffic requirements of a website, most new sites that don’t provide video or music on their site use less than 3 GB of bandwidth per month. Your traffic requirements will grow over time, as your site becomes more well-known, so you will need to also check their policy when you exceed your data transfer limit: is there a published charge per GB over the allowed bandwidth? Is the charge made according to actual usage or are you expected to pre-pay for a potential overage? It is better not to go for hosts that expect you to prepay for overages, since it is very hard to forsee when your site will exceed its bandwidth and by how much.

Disk space

For the same reason as bandwidth, watch out also for those “unlimited disk space” schemes. Many new sites (that don’t host videos or music) need less than 20 MB of web space, so even if you are provided with a host that tempts you with 100 GB (or “unlimited space”), be aware that you are unlikely to use that space, so don’t let the 100 GB space be too big a factor in your consideration when comparing with other web hosts. The hosting company is also aware of that, which is why they feel free to offer you that as a means of enticing you to host there.

Technical support

Does its technical support function 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (often abbreviated 24/7), all year around? Note that I will not accept a host which does not have staff working on weekends or public holidays. You will be surprised at how often things go wrong at the most inconvenient of times. Incidentally, just because a host advertises that it has 24/7 support does not necessarily mean that it really has that kind of support. Test them out by emailing at midnight and on Saturday nights, Sunday mornings, etc. Check out how long they take to respond. Besides speed of responses, check to see if they are technically competent. You wouldn’t want to sign up with a host that is run by a bunch of salesmen who only know how to sell and not fix problems.

Email, Autoresponders, POP3, Mail Forwarding

If you have your own site, you will probably want to have email addresses at your own domain, like [email protected], etc. Does the host allow you to set up whatever email addresses you want on your domain, so that mail can be forwarded to your current email address, or placed into a mail box on your web hosting account itself? Can you set an email address to automatically reply to the sender with a preset message (called an autoresponder)? Can you retrieve your mail with your email software?

Control Panel

This is called various names by different hosts, but essentially, they all allow you to manage different aspects of your web account yourself. Typically, and at the very minimum, it should allow you to do things like add, delete, and manage your email addresses, and change passwords for your account. I will not sign up with a host where I have to go through their technical support each time I want to change a password or add/delete an email account. Such tasks are common maintenance chores that every webmaster performs time and time again, and it would be a great hassle if you had to wait for their technical support to make the changes for you.

Web Server and Operating System

Is the type of operating system and server important?

In general, most people will want to sign up for a web host offering a Unix-based system (like Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD) and running the Apache web server. Most web-based software assume your website is running on such a system, and you will usually experience fewer compatibility issues with it. There are also a lot of guides available on the Internet on configuring such systems, so finding help when you need it is easier as well.

In my opinion, the only time when you will want to use a Windows server is if you’re running Windows-specific programs, like ASP scripts. But even then, you’ll probably be better off looking for a PHP-equivalent, and using a Unix-based system.

Price

I was actually hesitant to list this, but I guess it’s futile not to. However, I would caution that while price is always a factor, you should realise (“realize” in US English) that you often get what you pay for, although it’s not necessarily true that the most expensive hosts are the best.

Monthly/Quarterly/Annual Payment Plans

Most web hosts allow you to select an annual payment plan that gives you a cheaper rate than if you were to pay monthly. My current personal preference is to pay monthly with all new web hosts until I’m assured of their reliability and honesty. Paying monthly allows me to switch web hosts quickly when I find that the current host does not meet my requirements: this way, I’m not tied down to a bad web host because I have prepaid for an entire year. I do this even if the new web host guarantees that they will refund the balance if I’m dissatisfied, since at the point I sign up, I have no assurance that they will honour their guarantee. Later (usually after a couple of years), when I’m satisfied with the host, I may change payment plans to the discounted annual plans.

Resellers?

Not all hosting companies own or lease their own web servers. Some of them are actually resellers for some other hosting company. The disadvantage of using a reseller is the possibility that you are dealing with people who don’t know much about the system they are selling and who take longer to help you (they have to transmit your technical support request to the actual hosting company for it to be acted upon). However, this also depends on both the reseller and the underlying hosting company. It is thus wise not to rule out all resellers; there are a number of reliable and fast ones who are actually quite good and cheap. In fact, a number of resellers sell the same packages cheaper than their original hosting company. If you find out that a particular company is a reseller, you will need to investigate both the reseller and the real hosting company.

International

If you don’t stay in the USA, you have the option of hosting your site with some local provider. The advantage here is the ease of dealing with them (they are after all easily accessible by phone call or a visit), your familiarity with the local laws and easy recourse to those laws should it be necessary. It should be your choice if your target audience is local (eg a local fast food delivery service). On the other hand, hosting it in USA has the advantage of faster access for what is probably the largest number of your overseas visitors (particularly if you have an English-speaking audience). You also have a large number of hosting companies to choose from, and as a result, cheaper prices too.

Anjali Punjab
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